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Poverty incidence in the Koshi basin (lowest 20% to over 50%) is higher than the national average.

Bhupesh Adhikary

Deo Raj Gurung

build a shared sustainable vision, and develop integrated and collective actions. The trip is a tool based on the simple principle


as agriculture is the main livelihood source in the Koshi basin, availability of arable land is vital for the local population.

Livestock is an integral source of livelihood in the Koshi basin. The number of cattle and buffaloes is estimated to be 13.5 million (8.7 cattle and 4.7 buffaloes).

Rice yield in the Kosi basin varies from 1,000 kg/ha in Bihar’s three districts to above 4,000 kg/ha in the two districts in Nepal

Forty-two percent land is above 3,000 masl and includes the world’s tallest peak – Mt. Everest (8,848 m).

The Basin’s estimated total hydropower potential is 22,000 MW. Currently, 8 hydropower projects in Nepal produce about 214 MW, nearly 37% of Nepal’s total energy production.

Of the total land area in the Basin, agriculture dominates with 37%, while 6% is covered with snow/glacier. Another 33% accounts for grassland/ shrub land.

There is also large temporal variation in the water balance components in the Koshi basin.

The less accessible northern part of the Basin has low population density, the mid-hills have relatively high density, and the low-lying Indo-Gangetic Plains have very high density. The Plains also have a very high population growth rate, whereas

The Koshi Basin has 146 stations, of which only 3 are located above 3,000 masl (covering 42% land of the basin), suggesting huge data scarcity in the high altitude areas.

One of the wider objectives of Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) is to promote agroforestry to reduce the burden put on natural forests and have trees growing outside forests. To promote agroforestry in Chitwan

Message from Director General on International Women’s Day 2015

We support regional transboundary programmes through partnership with regional partner institutions, facilitate the exchange of experience, and serve as a regional knowledge hub. We strengthen networking among regional and global centres of

Rajesh Bahadur Thapa

This conference aims to fill some of these knowledge gaps by bringing together over 200 experts and stakeholders from around the globe for discussion and debate on the status of adaptation.