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Mr Om Prakash Narayan, India
Mr Mohan Manandhar, Nepal
Ms Ratna Chaudhary, Nepal
Bidhya Bhusan award for ICIMOD staff
Rice yield in the Kosi basin varies from 1,000 kg/ha in Bihar’s three districts to above 4,000 kg/ha in the two districts in Nepal
The Basin’s estimated total hydropower potential is 22,000 MW. Currently, 8 hydropower projects in Nepal produce about 214 MW, nearly 37% of Nepal’s total energy production.
The Koshi Basin has 146 stations, of which only 3 are located above 3,000 masl (covering 42% land of the Basin), suggesting huge data scarcity in the high altitude areas.
as agriculture is the main livelihood source in the Koshi basin, availability of arable land is vital for the local population.
Livestock is an integral source of livelihood in the Koshi basin. The number of cattle and buffaloes is estimated to be 13.5 million (8.7 cattle and 4.7 buffaloes).
The northern part is also very cold and the temperature goes down to -17oC in January. The southern part is bit warmer.
There are about 2,070 glaciers and 1,062 glacial lakes. Since the 1940s, 9 of these lakes burst their unstable moraine in two Koshi sub-basins (Arun and Sun Koshi). This is a major concern for the inhabitants and infrastructure.
Poverty incidence in the Koshi basin (lowest 20% to over 50%) is higher than the national average.
Forty-two percent land is above 3,000 masl and includes the world’s tallest peak – Mt. Everest (8,848 m).