Back to news
19 Feb 2020 | Koshi Basin Initiative

Addressing water stress in Ramechhap

1 min Read

70% Complete

Ramechhap District in Nepal is plagued by acute water paucity. Desertification and haphazard development activities have caused traditional ponds and springs to go dry. To make matters worse, reduced and irregular rainfall, decreasing groundwater levels, and extended dry periods have drastically decreased agricultural productivity. These changes have very tangible impacts on people’s livelihoods and wellbeing.

A team of representatives from the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) and the Department of Forests and Soil Conservation, Ministry of Forests and Environment, conducted a preliminary field visit to Ward 7, Manthali Municipality, Ramechhap, to explore ways to improve groundwater health and increase water availability and accessibility. The study area covers two micro-watersheds: Dhude Khola in Bhatauli village and Thedi Khola in Mugitar village. These two rivers drain into Bhatauli Khola and Tamakoshi River, respectively.

The team identified 72 water bodies in the study area. Among them, 42 were mapped out in the Dhude Khola and Thedi Khola watersheds and categorized into the following: 1 well, 1 water collection tank, 10 running springs and baseflows, 12 dry springs, 15 dry ponds, and 3 ponds with water.

The team identified two pathways to improve water availability in Ramechhap. First, applying hydrogeology, recharge zones need to be identified to control surface runoff and enhance infiltration. Second, rainwater harvesting should be implemented in every house.

 

This well was recently dug along the banks of Bhatauli Khola to supply drinking water to the community after springs in Dhude Khola (513 masl) started drying up.
An unmanaged traditional pond in the Thedi Khola watershed. Very little water accumulates in the pond from surface runoff.
A well intended for drinking water in disrepair and polluted.
A water storage tank with dry, barren land in the background.
An abandoned pond in the Thedi Khola watershed. The pond’s area is being encroached upon.
A dry spring in Thedi Khola watershed.
Haphazard road constructions impact groundwater health.
A local resource person pointing to a dried up spring.
Road excavations at the hilltop of the Dhude Khola watershed leave its groundwater reserves vulnerable.
Basic field accessories for geological assessment (geological hammer, compass, in situ water quality tester, topographic map).
Measuring the roof area to estimate how much rainwater can be harvested from each house.
Geological observation of the outcrop.
Water bodies and boundary map of the Dhude Khola and Thedi Khola watersheds.
Brick sector partnership enhances state of knowledge on science, technology, and policy in Nepal and South Asia

The project conducted interactive trainings and workshops, solicited feedback from the FNBI’s member associations for increased ownership, and mobilized local ...

27 Mar 2015 News
SERVIR-Himalaya takes satellite imagery technology to the grassroots

Community members learn to use satellite imagery for monitoring their forest More than 30 community members from Khayar Khola watershed in ...

Kangchenjunga Landscape Conservation and Development Initiative (KLCDI) Pilot Implementation Phase Underway

The G B Pant National Institute of Himalayan Environment & Sustainable Development, (GBPNIHESD), the Indian nodal organisation with support from ...

9 Nov 2016 News
REDD+ Initiative and Partners Conduct Ecotourism Trail Mapping in and around Ludhi Khola Watershed of Gorkha, Nepal

Ecotourism has the potential to compliment Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) finance for landscape level conservation and ...

23 Aug 2017 News
Gender and Social Entrepreneurship Workshop in Pakistan

Hashoo Foundation has worked extensively in the Upper Indus region over the past 30 years on gender and social development ...

12 Feb 2015 News
ICIMOD participates in the SAARC Working Group on Monsoon Meeting

At the second SWGM meeting, which was jointly organized by SAARC Meteorological Research Centre (SMRC) and the India ...

29 Jun 2017 Climate change
REDD+ Experts Meet at the Ministry of Climate Change in Pakistan

Broadly, the meeting paved the way forward for creating synergies and future lines of action in the context of REDD+ ...

6 Jun 2016 KSL
Springshed Management Training at Godavari

Kailash Sacred Landscape (KSL), HI-AWARE and Water Land and Ecosystem (WLE) initiatives of ICIMOD jointly with Advanced Center for Water Resouces ...