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Bangladesh is the third most populous country in South Asia with its 154.7 million people (in 2014) and is the eighth most populous country on earth. At 144,000 square kilometers, more than 1000 people per square kilometer make it one of the most densely populated countries in the world. read more
As of 2014, the Kingdom of Bhutan had a population of 742,000 people. Most of its citizens live in the central highlands, while others are spread throughout its 38,000 square kilometers. The capital Thimpu is located 425 kilometers east of Kathmandu, Nepal and 280 kilometers southwest of Lhasa, Tibet. read more
With 1.2 billion people as of 2014, India is the most populous country in South Asia and the second most populous country in the world. India spans 3.3 million square kilometers and shares a border with Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Burma. read more
As of 2014 the population of Maldives numbered some 338,000 spread across its 1,192 islands. At 298 kilometers square, Maldives is the smallest country in Asia. In fact, it has more territorial sea than land area. read more
Nepal’s 27.5 million people (as of 2014) live among eight of the world’s ten highest mountain peaks. The international border between China and Nepal runs across the summit of the tallest peak, Mount Everest. Nepal’s 147,181 square kilometers are landlocked, and border China and India. read more
Pakistan, with plains, mountains and plateau, has a diverse, fertile and natural resource-rich terrain. The country is spread over more than 795,000 square kilometers from its Arabian Sea coastline to its borders with Iran, Afghanistan, China and India. The population was 179.2 million people in 2014, which makes it the second most populated country of South Asia. read more
Sri Lanka’s strong GDP of $59.4 billion and high GNI per capita of $2,920 as of 2014 are the result of a strong growth rate over the past few years following the cessation of an internal conflict that lasted three decades. This economic prosperity has been broadly shared and as a result, poverty in Sri Lanka has declined significantly and rests at 9% of the population. read more