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Livestock and Fish

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Photo: Jitendra Raj Bajracharya/ICIMOD.

Livestock are an integral component of the mixed farming system practiced by the great majority of farmers in the hill and lower mountain regions of the Hindu Kush Himalayan (HKH) region. Livestock eat crop and food processing residues and vegetation from areas that cannot be used for crops and turn them into valuable manure for fields and kitchen gardens; milk, meat, and eggs for consumption and sale; raw materials for clothing; and power for ploughing and transport. Cattle, buffalo, goats, pigs, and chickens are the most common animals kept in the mid-hills. Until recently most animals were kept for subsistence purposes, but in recent times farmers are looking increasingly at livestock as a source of income, and have started rearing other animals like ducks, rabbits, and fish for income generation.

ICIMOD’s livestock-related activities at Godavari focus on new approaches for using livestock for income generation, taking advantage of the experience of ICIMOD’s partners in other countries.


Distribution of material – seed and seedlings

Large amounts of seeds and seedlings of useful plants from ICIMOD’s plant nursery have been distributed to farmers and farmers ...

Green Manure/Cover Crops/Mulching

Green manure is a growing cover crop of annual plants (or other growing plant material) that is dug into the ...

Conservation farming

The basic principle of conservation tillage is to maintain a cover on the soil surface of residues (mulching) or vegetation ...

Productive Trees – Fodder trees, Paulownia

Multipurpose trees Multipurpose trees play an important role in mountain farming. Products from a tree can include leaves, fruits, ...