Quantcast
Back to solutions
2 Jan 2020 | NEPCAT technologies

Riverbed farming

1 min Read

70% Complete

Riverbed farming can be used to increase household income and to improve the food security of landless and land-poor households in the Terai area of Nepal.

It is estimated that about 8,000 hectares of riverbed land would be suitable for agricultural cultivation in the Kailali and Kanchanpur Districts in the Western Terai areas of Nepal. After the river water recedes in the post-monsoon season, vegetables are planted in ditches dug into the seasonal sand banks; the crops are harvested before the onset of the next monsoon. In 2006, Elam Plus of HELVETAS Swiss Inter-cooperation Nepal, assessed local practices of riverbed farming and piloted an improved approach with 670 farmers, mostly from the indigenous Tharu community. During the first year they cultivated 43 hectares. Since the initial results indicated that riverbed farming could increase the target population’s income significantly, the programme was expanded from the initial two districts (Kailali and Kanchanpur) to two new districts (Banke, and Bardiya). The number of households was increased to 2000 in 2008 and 3165 in 2012 after the initiative won a Global Development Market Place award from the World Bank.

Kanchanpur and Kailali Districts, Nepal

WOCAT database reference: QT NEP 34

Location: Kanchanpur and Kailali Districts, Nepal

Technology area: 4 km2

Conservation measure(s): Agronomic

Land Use: Originally fallow land now used for one season crop plantation

Stage of intervention: Rehabilitation for income generation

Origin: Ganges plains of India

Climate: Humid/subtropical

Related approach: Land distribution and allocation for riverbed farming (QA NEP 34)

Compiled by: Hari Gurung, Elam Plus, Helvetas Swiss Intercooperation

Date: April 2011, updated March 2013

Download PDF

2 Jan 2020 NEPCAT technologies
Polypit nursery

A simple, inexpensive and practical method for raising healthy plant seedlings During the winter in Nepal’s middle mountains, the soil temperature ...

2 Jan 2020 NEPCAT technologies
Urine application through drip irrigation for bitter gourd production

Application of cattle urine through drip irrigation technology to provide constant fl ow of fertiliser to bitter gourd Bitter gourd vegetables ...

1 Jan 2020 NEPCAT technologies
Legume integration

Integration of leguminous crops as intercrops on terrace risers or as relay crops Legumes are widely grown across the hills of ...

2 Jan 2020 NEPCAT technologies
Plastic-lined conservation pond to store irrigation water

A plastic-lined dugout pond to store runoff and household waste-water for irrigation purposes during dry periods Water harvesting technology is very ...