Back to solutions
1 Jan 2020 | NEPCAT technologies

Plastic film technology

1 min Read

70% Complete

Plastic film technology, sometimes called plastic mulching, is an important breakthrough that can transform traditional agriculture into modern agriculture by helping to circumvent many of the limitations of temperature and moisture. Plastic film is used to cover the surface of the soil in order to increase the temperature, to retain moisture, and to promote the germination of seeds.

Agricultural production by traditional methods is constrained by extremes in temperature and by extremes in the availability of water; freezing temperatures as well as droughts and waterlogging have long daunted farmers. When plastic film is used on the soil, the solar energy absorbed by the soil during the day is retained at night since the plastic film prevents water from evaporating. Higher night time temperatures and higher levels of moisture in the ground promote active micro-organisms, which diminish the need for fertilizer and improve the physical properties of the soil.

ICIMOD Knowledge Park at Godavari, Lalitpur District, Nepal

WOCAT database reference: QT NEP 37

Location: ICIMOD Knowledge Park at Godavari, Lalitpur District, Nepal.

Technology area: Demonstration plot

Conservation measure(s): Agronomic

Land Use: Cropland

Stage of intervention: Mitigation

Origin: Experiment and research

Climate: Subhumid/temperate

Related approach: Not described

Compiled by: Samden Sherpa, ICIMOD

Date: June 2011, updated March 2013

Download PDF

1 Jan 2020 NEPCAT technologies
Black plastic covered farmyard manure

Improving farmyard manure (FYM) by covering it with black plastic sheeting to provide a favourable environment for microbial activities, and ...

1 Jan 2020 NEPCAT technologies
Improved farmyard manure through sunlight, rain and runoff protection

Improving farmyard manure by protecting it from direct sunlight, rainfall, and runoff to reduce volatilisation and leaching Farmyard manure is the ...

2 Jan 2020 NEPCAT technologies
Urine application through drip irrigation for bitter gourd production

Application of cattle urine through drip irrigation technology to provide constant fl ow of fertiliser to bitter gourd Bitter gourd vegetables ...

1 Jan 2020 NEPCAT technologies
Drinking water quality improvement through conservation measures

Structural and vegetative measures to improve the quality of drinking water contaminated due to poor sanitation and seepage This technology combines ...

1 Jan 2020 NEPCAT technologies
A low-cost polyhouse for tomato production in the rainy season

Smallholder farmers can use polyhouses to produce high demand vegetables, such as tomatoes, and can earn a substantial income from ...

1 Jan 2020 NEPCAT technologies
Better quality farmyard manure through improved decomposition

Collection and proper storage of farmyard manure in heaps or pits Farmyard manure – a varying mixture of animal manure, urine, ...

1 Jan 2020 NEPCAT technologies
Low cost micro-sprinkler irrigation

An irrigation system that delivers small-sized water droplets through a rotating head allowing longer watering time with less runoff Micro-sprinkler irrigation ...

2 Jan 2020 NEPCAT technologies
Plastic-lined conservation pond to store irrigation water

A plastic-lined dugout pond to store runoff and household waste-water for irrigation purposes during dry periods Water harvesting technology is very ...