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Moving Mountains

For mountains and people

Air, snow, and glaciers

Sometimes called the Third Pole, the region stores 10 percent of all freshwater non-polar ice and snow, including 60,000 square kilometers of glaciers and .76 square kilometers of snow cover.

It’s a key part of the cryosphere, the scientific term for regions where water is found in solid form as snow, ice, glaciers or within frozen ground called permafrost.

The cryosphere influences the world’s climate and is influenced by it in turn, responding to the dynamics of the lower atmosphere, such as precipitation patterns and the presence in the air of black carbon and other pollutants.

Featured Publication

Atmosphere Initiative

Atmosphere Initiative was established on 1 January 2013, as part of the Regional Programme on Cryosphere and Atmosphere to improve our understanding of atmospheric issues and to promote regional cooperation for addressing such issues in the HKH region.

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Scientific evidence of atmospheric changes is crucial to inform governments, policy makers, and other stakeholders

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Around the HKH

Related Initiatives

cryosphere

Cryosphere

The Cryosphere team at the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) collaborates with its partners to study the importance of snow, ice, and permafrost for downstream communities in the Hindu Kush Himalaya (HKH).

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atmosphere

Atmosphere Initiative

The Atmosphere Initiative at the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) was established in 2013 as part of the Centre’s Atmosphere Regional Programme.

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Snow
Snow
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Air Quality
Air Quality
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Glaciers
Glaciers
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Glacial Lake Outburst Flood (Glofs)
Glacial Lake Outburst Flood (Glof)
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Permafrost
Permafrost
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