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Environment Convention 2075: Environment for Sustainable Development

Article 30 (1) of the Constitution of Nepal guarantees a ‘’clean environment’’ as a fundamental right, and elaborates that ‘’every citizen shall have the right to live in a clean and healthy environment”. Article 30 (2) of the constitution also encourages the state to formulate necessary legal frameworks to balance environment and development. In the spirit of the Constitution, and in the context of the shift to a federal governance system, it is important to discuss key environmental issues and gaps in Nepal’s existing legislative and policy instruments, and to develop environmental legislative frameworks for provincial governments. To date, the existing Environment Protection Act 2053 s(1997) and Environment Protection Regulation 2056 (1999) remain the major statutory and legislative provisions that guide the protection of Nepal’s environment. With the restructuring of state governance in the context of federalism, there is a need for an overall national policy on the environment, which will provide a guiding framework to provincial and local governments, while learning from the effectiveness of existing national laws and by-laws.


River Basins and Cryosphere, Koshi Basin Programme, Atmosphere, Atmosphere


Hotel Yak and Yeti, Kathmandu, Nepal

Date & Time

07 October 2018 01 January 1970

The Environment Convention 2075 (2018) is thus designed to provide opportunities for discussing and sharing lessons about various facets of the environment (air, water, and land), to identify possible gaps, to improve legislative instrument at the federal level, and to guide provincial government in formulating provincial environment frameworks and policies.

Workshop objective

The overall objective of the convention is to initiate the preparation of a national framework to guide provincial and local governments in formulating their provincial and local level environmental policies.

Specific objectives include:
  1. Compiling an overview of the specific technical or geographic issues that influence interactions with the environment in different sectors
  2. Identifying gaps in existing policies and frameworks, and brainstorming possible solutions to revise environment related policies and legislative instruments
  3. Initiating the process of localizing environmental agendas and issues
Expected outcomes

Common agreed upon agenda and declaration, which will facilitate and provide a framework for provincial and local level environment policies.


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