Kiwi fruit cultivation

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Kiwi fruit cultivation on sloping land in the mid-hill areas of Nepal can help prevent soil erosion and is a sustainable land management practice. This high value crop introduces biodiversity and improves livelihoods by providing a source of cash income.

The kiwi fruit is native to China. Previously called Chinese gooseberry, it is now more commonly known by its marketing name of kiwi fruit. Kiwi fruits grow on large vines that are similar to grapevines in their general growth and fruiting habits as well as their training and trellising requirements. The fruit normally ripens within 25 weeks after the flowers first appear. The fruits range in weight from 40 to 90 g and can be picked shortly after the first frost in autumn; after that, they can be kept in cold storage for 4–6 months. Kiwi vines can be grown on a wide range of soil types at elevations ranging from 1000 m to 2500 m. The kiwi plant is dioecious, meaning individual plants are either male or female. Only female plants bear fruit, but only when pollinated by a male plant. Vines of both sexes are essential for fruit production, and they must flower at the same time to ensure pollination. One male pollinator vine is required for eight female vines. The vines are commonly supported on sturdy structures strong enough to bear the heavy fruit, which might otherwise break the rather weak vines. T-bars or hitching post trellises are recommended to support the large fruiting area in the form of a canopy and provide easy access to the fruit.

Seedlings can be planted in the spring as soon as there is little chance of frost. Vines need to be pruned both in summer and in winter to maintain a balance between kiwi plant growth and profitable fruit production. Excessive plant growth is removed during the growing season to keep the kiwi canopy open and to remove non-fruiting wood. Harvesting can begin from the end of November. Frequent weeding is required to reduce competition for moisture and fertilizer. Kiwi fruit requires abundant water; during the dry season the newly planted kiwi vines need deep watering once a week.

Kiwi fruit (Actinidia deliciosa), or Chinese gooseberries as they used to be called, are deciduous trailing climbers. The vine can grow up to 9 m (28 ft) long. The kiwi fruit itself is a brown, large egg-sized oval fruit covered with fuzz. When sliced, the fruit yields an attractive emerald green flesh with rows of small dark edible seeds and a light cream coloured centre. The flavour is reminiscent of a blend of strawberry and pineapple. The kiwi fruit is high in vitamins; it can also be used as a meat tenderizer. The fruit is picked while still hard and ripens off the vine. The economic yield can be as high as 40-60 kg per mature vine (five to eight years old), or 20-25 tonnes per hectare. This is a valuable niche crop for mountain areas, especially those close to urban and tourist markets.

Kiwi fruit is gaining in popularity in Nepal; at present it is cultivated commercially by farmers in Kabhrepalanchok, Lalitpur, Dolakha, and Ilam Districts as well as in the Kathmandu Valley. The technology is widely accepted. Kiwi saplings were initially supplied by ICIMOD and by a private nursery in Kabhre District. Now it is widely available at Charikot and Boach in Dolakha district too.


Orchards are easy to establish and farmers can readily learn what is needed for kiwi cultivation - Awareness and training programmes can help farmers quickly learn what is needed for kiwi cultivation.

The benefits of the technology are easy to observe; farmers generate cash income from selling kiwi fruit, juice, and jam. - Awareness and training programmes can help farmers quickly learn what is needed for kiwi cultivation and postharvest processing.

Soil erosion is decreased due to increased groundcover. - Awareness and training programmes can help farmers quickly learn what is needed for kiwi cultivation.

  • Kiwi cultivation provides on-farm employment opportunities. - Awareness and training programmes can help farmers quickly learn what is needed for kiwi cultivation.
  • Increased market demand for kiwi fruit
  • A good alternative for sloping land management
  • Kiwi cultivation is a source of income generation
  • The approximate annual income from kiwi production is USD 11,765/ha/year. The technology provides on-farm employment opportunities for both men and women.
  • Reduced downstream flooding
  • Improved buffering/infiltration capacity
  • Strengthened community institution; increased income
  • Improved knowledge of land management with kiwi fruit cultivation
  • Improved ground cover
  • More efficient use of land
  • Reduced soil erosion
  • Mixed farming (enhanced biodiversity)
  • Pollen for bees
  • Reduced soil erosion
  • Increase biomass production
  • Kiwi production can be a good source of cash income as it is a high value crop. Kiwi fruit is high in nutrients, eating kiwis has been shown to boost the immune system, to help regulate blood pressure, and to be beneficial for cardiac patients.


  • Shyam Bahadur Khadka, Charikot Bazaar, Dolakha - 9744022016 (Cell)
  • Shyam Krishna Shrestha, Charikot Bazaar, Dolakha
  • Chandra Man Shrestha, Head of the Boach Horticulture Farm, Dolakha District
  • Surya Prasad Panday, Kabhre Bhanjyang, Kabhrepalanchok District


January - December

Geographical Coverage

For further information contact:

Samden Sherpa, ICIMOD


Chandra Maharjan wrote on 2016-04-26 16:56

I have planned to cultivate kiwi in 5 ropanies of land within Lalitpur. Please advise how can i get technical assistant regarding feasible condition required.

kamala tamang wrote on 2017-04-27 14:08

it is good

Roshan thapa magar wrote on 2017-05-06 10:03

I am from tanahun ..... Is tanahun,suitable for kuwi farmings? If yes then i wand to learn and do kiwi farming ... I have slopy land in my village facing towards mountains and it's lettel bet cool area around 6 roponies ..... I wand to learn and highly interested in kiwi farming

sanjay kumar mishra wrote on 2017-08-28 14:38

i need kiwi

Darshankumar Parekh wrote on 2017-09-30 03:33

Dear ICIMOD team as I have experienced person of kiwifrui industry in NEW ZEALAND FOR 2.5 year, I have plenty of techniques to grow more fruits so I just want to contact you and as I have experience so I want employment in this industry. Regards Darshankumar Parekh

Bigyan Bhandari wrote on 2017-10-03 08:52

it was a very informative writeup. I was inquisitive if we could grow kiwi around Gokarna or not. If yes, would love to do its farming.

Chandra Lal Tamang wrote on 2017-12-19 20:20

Hi, l am Chandra Lal Tamang from Sindhuli district. I have more than 16 ropani slopy land 1500m hight from sea level. it is faced towards mountain. I am so interested to do wibi farming. Please, suggest me, can I do it? But how and where can get its plant and in which season I can plant?

Ganesh gurung wrote on 2017-12-19 23:35

I am from surkhet and i wanna do this kiwi farming in my place so could u help me to inform how we can get the information about this farming and plz send me email as soon as possible...

Bwambale Benard wrote on 2018-01-08 16:32

l want to practice Kiwi farming in Uganda-East Africa especially on Rwenzori mountains, how can I get the seeds or seedlings ready to plant and the needed training on plantation method.

Sunil gurung wrote on 2018-01-08 16:37

I m nuwakot. I love to kiwi farming here at nuwakot in about 20 ropani land. Is this place suitable for kiwi farming. If yes could you please inform me where to get the training?? As i am highly intrested in it.

Urmila Awal wrote on 2018-01-20 18:59

Hello all. I am interested in Kiwi farming. I am from Bhaktapur. May I know where I can find Kiwi nursery?

Nanda wrote on 2018-01-27 18:09

I would be buy kiwi plats to use to my farm. where do i get?

Shubham dubey wrote on 2018-02-17 14:24

I m from Gwalior (mp) is this place is suitable for kiwi farming.... If yes... Then i would like to do the cultivation of kiwi...and also wanna learn that as well.. I want employment in this industry... Regards Shubham Dubey

Rahul Pandey wrote on 2018-03-11 09:53

Which one is the most promising cultivar of kiwi fruit recommended for commercial growing here in Nepal? The most promising cultivar?

Nar Bahadur Gurung wrote on 2018-03-11 17:45

Dear Concern Gentleman, I want to do cultivation of KIWI in Dhading (Mid-North area). I need orientation about its production. Pls. inform and support. thanks & regards.

Rahul Pandey wrote on 2018-03-17 07:30

Dear ICIMOD team, I think you need to mention it's cultivation practices. What is the popular training system of kiwi fruit mostly practiced in Nepal? Regards Rahul pandey