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The sustainable management of mountain watersheds is a huge challenge for watershed management programmes due to the lack of collaboration between the various institutions involved. Building of synergies between these institutions is crucial for improved management. The Bagmati Integrated Watershed Management Programme (BIWMP) started in 1986, initiated, coordinated, and organised by the Department of Soil Conservation and Watershed Management with support from the European Commission. The programme aimed to help overcome natural resource degradation and thereby raise the standard of living of the rural population.
Lack of institutional capacity and collaboration for managing watershed resources
To overcome the constraints to effectively implementing a watershed management programme by building synergies between diverse stakeholder institutions. In the case of landslip and stream bank stabilisation work, the specific objective was to come up with a technology that conserved soil and water whilst also providing direct livelihood benefits to local people.
dark green: previous working districts;
WOCAT database reference: QA NEP11
Location: Lalitpur, Kathmandu, Makwanpur, Bhaktapur, and Sindhuli districts; Bagmati river basin, Nepal
Approach area: 570 km2
Land use: Wasteland (before), mixed agrosilvopastoral (after)
Climate: Humid subtropical
Related technology: Landslip and stream bank stabilisation, QT NEP11
Target Users: Land users, SWC specialists/extensionists, Planners, Politicians/decision makers, Teachers and students
Compiled by: Dileep Kumar Karna, Department of Soil Conservation and Watershed Management, District Soil Conservation Office, Kathmandu, Nepal
Date: December 2003, updated August 2004
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