Quantcast
Back to solutions
1 Jan 2020 | NEPCAT technologies

Black plastic covered farmyard manure

1 min Read

70% Complete

Improving farmyard manure (FYM) by covering it with black plastic sheeting to provide a favourable environment for microbial activities, and to conserve available nutrients and moisture

Applying compost or farmyard manure (FYM) is an excellent way of maintaining and building soil fertility. Considerable nutrient losses often occur through the inappropriate handling or storage of compost and FYM. Drying out causes losses through volatilisation and rainfall whilst runoff causes leaching and the washing out of nutrients. To reduce nutrient losses, farmyard manure needs to be protected from direct sunlight, rainfall, run-on, and runoff.

A number of improved composting methods have been tested and demonstrated with farmers in the Jhikhu Khola watershed. The Sustainable Soil Management Project (SSMP) has recommended black plastic-covered farmyard manure as one of the most promising methods. Farmyard manure is covered with a piece of black plastic to prevent nutrients from leaching out, to decrease evaporation losses, and to provide a more favourable environment for the growth of microbes due to the increased temperature and moisture content. This method is especially suitable for areas with low temperatures.

light green: districts in 2007

WOCAT database reference: QT NEP16

Location: Panchkhal, Patalekhet, Hokse, Baluwa, Sathighar, and Kabhre VDCs and Dhulikhel municipality of the Jhikhu Khola watershed, Kabhrepalanchok district, Nepal

Technology area: ~ 1-10 km2

SWC measure: Management

Land use: Annual cropping

Climate: Humid subtropical

Related approach: Not described

Compiled by: Madhav Dhakal, ICIMOD

Date: November 2006

Download PDF

 

 

1 Jan 2020 NEPCAT technologies
Plastic film technology

Plastic film technology, sometimes called plastic mulching, is an important breakthrough that can transform traditional agriculture into modern agriculture by ...

2 Jan 2020 NEPCAT technologies
Treadle pump

A treadle pump is a foot operated water lifting device that can be used by smallholder farmers to irrigate their ...

2 Jan 2020 NEPCAT technologies
Tomato grafting

Cleft grafting can be used to produce plants that are resistant to a number of pests and diseases and are ...

1 Jan 2020 NEPCAT technologies
Biodynamic composting

A faster and more effective way to produce high quality compost in large quantities by surface composting using dry and ...