Moving Mountains

For mountains and people

Urban Water Issues

The massive river systems that supply the water for a range of daily needs, from drinking water to electricity generation, can’t keep up with the pace of demand in a region where a number of cities, including Kathmandu and Lhasa, are doubling their population every 10 to 15 years.

Many countries are undergoing a demographic transition that puts severe pressure on water services. A third of Nepal’s districts, for instance, lost population between 2001 and 2011 as rural populations migrated to booming urban areas in search of opportunities and amenities. Cities with more than a million residents now include Kabul, Afghanistan; Xinning, China; Srinagar and Dehra Dun in India; Peshawar and Quetta in Pakistan; and Kathmandu, Nepal.

But these expanding cities are challenged by unplanned urbanization, poor infrastructure management and limited investment in natural resource conservation. Demand for water far exceeds the municipal supply and many people cope with shortages on a daily basis. Through research and programming, ICIMOD is looking at ways to secure urban water supplies for the future.

News and features

Related Initiative

Koshi Basin Initiative

The initiative aims to contribute to inclusive poverty reduction in the Koshi basin by evaluating the range of possible water-related development pathways through evidence-based decision making and basin-wide cooperation considering climate change, hazards, and the provision of sustainable freshwater ecosystem services.

read more
Koshi basin

Related contents

climate-change 1366x681
Climate change and hydrological modelling
read more
read more
spring 1366x681
Springs and solar pumps
read more
Water resource management
read more