We are ICIMOD, a unique intergovernmental institution leading the global effort to protect the pulse ...
With a vast array of partners, we organize our work in what we call Regional ...
Successful interventions can change lives for the better. We hope that the stories of success ...
The KDKH is a platform led and driven by its members to foster transboundary collaboration ...
The Air Pollution Solutions initiative will engage in mitigation measures to support social and technological transformation of the brick, open burning (crop and waste), cookstove and transportation sector through pilots and behavioral change campaigns for reducing air pollution. Until December 2019, this Initiative was known as the Bricks Initiative.
At a glance
This will provide insights and guidance to policy makers through cost‐effective solutions and contributing to development, human health, agriculture productivity at the same time yield positive side-effect on climate change.
Bidya Banmali Pradhan
ICIMOD’s Air Pollution Solutions Initiative aims to improve local and regional air quality standards, help ensure economic benefits for communities, and help reduce adverse impacts on health by improving regional and international coordination and information sharing.
We have been the lead partner for the Climate and Clean Air Coalition Brick Production Initiative and a lead implementer of the Clean Brick Initiative of the Department for International Development (DFID) in Nepal. The brickmaking process is highly energy- and labour-intensive and releases huge amounts of black carbon into the atmosphere, affecting health and visibility, and accelerating the melting of Himalayan snow and ice.
In South Asia, bricks are mostly hand-molded and then baked in Fixed Chimney Bull’s Trench Kilns (FCBTKs). In recent years, mechanized brick making plants and other varieties of kilns have been introduced, such as tunnel kilns, the Hoffman kiln, the modified FCBTK, the zig-zag, and the Vertical Shaft Brick Kiln (VSBK). Previous attempts to introduce mechanized brick making and brick baking had not been successful because of operational and adaptability problems.
This construction drawing and guideline document is an output of the design manual and is based on the structural designs of natural and induced draught zig-zag kilns proposed therein. The aim of this document is to provide step-by-step guidance in the construction of such kilns so that they are structurally safe, earthquake-resistant, energy efficient, low on emissions, worker-friendly, and produce better quality bricks.
News and features
Stay up to date on what’s happening with news, events, and information
from around the HKH.
The incubation centre will strengthen FNBI’s Technical Resource Development Committee (TRDC), and enable R&D for the continuous refinement of brick ...
The project conducted interactive trainings and workshops, solicited feedback from the FNBI’s member associations for increased ownership, and mobilized local ...
At the second Policy and Advocacy Network Asia (PAN) meeting on 20 and 21 June 2019, ICIMOD provided government representatives ...
Events around the HKH
From workshops to seminars to research lectures, ICIMOD delivers a wide array of events to keep you involved in the happenings of the HKH.
The 120,000 brick kilns scattered across South Asia release huge amounts of greenhouse gases and black carbon into the atmosphere. Commonly known as soot, black carbon is the second biggest global warming pollutant after carbon dioxide; it affects health and visibility and accelerates the melting of Himalayan snow and ice.
We have a deep history of work across a broad range of issues enabling sustainable development in the complex environment of the HKH. We have been protecting the pulse for over three decades.
When most people think of air in the context of the environment, they probably think of air pollution – and that’s part of the picture. But air is a dynamic and delicate mix of chemicals in constant motion, flowing from place to place through atmospheric circulation systems.
Mountains may be rugged and majestic, but they’re also fragile environments that are particularly vulnerable to climate change.
You will find publications produced by or related to this Initiative in our publications repository – the HimalDoc. These information materials covers journal articles, books, book chapters, research reports, working papers, brochures, information sheets, and publicity materials including posters and flyers.
We embrace diversity
Both internally and externally, our multicultural staff and partners are our greatest asset. They provide us with a broad perspective across disciplines, and offer us localized knowledge like no other.