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Innovative climate-smart water resource management techniques for mountain agriculture


Gilgit, Pakistan

Date & Time

14 June 2022 to 15 June 2022

Organizer: WWF-Pakistan, Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources (PCRWR), and International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD)


About the training

Since innovative climate-smart water resource management packages are new to Gilgit-Baltistan, there is a need to build the capacities of all relevant stakeholders for effective outscaling and upscaling of the packages in the area and beyond. This training workshop will focus not only on the technical aspects of implementing irrigation packages (solar pump- and hydraulic ram pump- assisted river water lifting, combined with drip irrigation), but also on the sustainability aspects and dissemination of lessons learned from the pilot interventions to relevant stakeholders for further scaling.

The workshop will also bring together relevant government and non-government entities, funding agencies, regional experiences, and private sector organisations to discuss the scope, investment potential, and required policy interventions for scaling innovative water-lifting technologies across Gilgit-Baltistan.


Expected outcomes

  • By the end of the training, participants will be able to conduct pre-feasibility surveys and sustainably implement the packages.
  • Stakeholders including relevant government entities, development organizations, and community- based organizations will gain understanding about the climate smart water resource management technologies.


Expected participants

  • Officials from water management, forest and agriculture departments of Gilgit-Baltistan
  • Representatives from the Mountain Agricultural Research Centre
  • Officials from civil society organisations
  • Community representatives/community-based organisations (where packages had been piloted/ scaled-out, including the UNDP-funded sites)
  • Progressive and innovative farmers



The agriculture sector in Pakistan’s Gilgit-Baltistan region significantly contributes to the regional economy. However, the sector is characterised by limited arable land and human capacity, dwindling irrigation water and other input supplies, inefficient irrigation methods, and poor market linkages. Glacier-fed water irrigates about 90% of the cultivated farms. Glacier lowering and GLOF incidences have been dismantling irrigation channels, thereby leading to reduced irrigation water supplies to fields. Furthermore, 50% of cultivable wasteland lies along riverbanks with limited access to irrigation water. In such situations, river water lifting becomes inevitable to ensure continuous irrigation supplies to already-cultivated areas as well as cultivable wasteland spread along riverbanks.

The International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) through a consortium of partners led by WWF-Pakistan piloted climate-smart water management techniques to address some of these challenges. We introduced two different water management packages, including solar pump-assisted river water lifting and hydraulic ram pump-assisted river water lifting, both integrated with drip irrigation. We piloted both packages to irrigate high-value agricultural interventions. The success of the piloted packages has attracted investments both from the public and private sectors, and scaling up efforts are currently going on. In addition, ICIMOD through its Hindu Kush Karakoram Pamir Landscape (HKPL) Initiative has been working with SJCPP on promoting organic agriculture and on the formulation of agriculture, food, and nutrition policies for Gilgit-Baltistan.



Time Programme Speakers/resource persons
Session 1: Opening session                                                                                                        
09:30–10:30 Tilawat-e-Kalam Pak

Welcome remarks


Opening remarks


Introductory remarks and the impact of changing climate on irrigation water supply

Objective and agenda of the training Remarks by guests

Participants WWF-Pakistan

Muhammad Ismail, Country Representative Pakistan, ICIMOD

Arun B Shrestha, Regional Programme Manager – River Basins and Cryosphere, ICIMOD

Ajaz Ali, Programme Office – Indus Basin Initiative, ICIMOD

Muhammad Asif Kakar, FPMU, Ministry of National Food Security and Research

10:30–11:00 Group photo and tea/coffee
11:00–11:15 Introduction and expectations of the participants WWF-Pakistan
Session 2: Solar pumping system
11:15–12:15 Introduction

Pre-feasibility and site selection


Muhammad Mudassar Maqsood, Associate Coordinator – Indus Basin, ICIMOD

Madhav Dhakal, Hydrological Analyst – Water and Air, ICIMOD

Session 3: Hydraulic ram pump
12:15–13:15 Introduction

Pre-feasibility and site selection


Rehmat Ullah Kundi, GetGreen Tech (Pvt) Limited
13:15–14:00 Lunch
Session 4: Drip irrigation system
14:00–15:00 Introduction

Pre-feasibility and site selection


Kashif Manzoor, PCRWR


Time Programme Speakers/resource persons
Session 5: Witnessing the technological packages in the field
07:00–13:30 Visit to a hydraulic ram pump and solar pump site at Jaglot, Gilgit Hands – on training on the demonstrated technologies on site WWF-Pakistan
13:30–14:30 Lunch on site
Session 6: Closing
14:30–14:45 Feedback from the participants regarding their experience WWF-Pakistan
14:45–15:00 Conclusion Ajaz Ali, ICIMOD
15:00–15:15 Vote of thanks/wrap up WWF-Pakistan
15:15–17:00 Return to Gilgit