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Sustainability of community-based flood early warning system in Lal Bakaiya River Basin


SG 1: Reducing Climate and Environmental Risks & Action Area A: Managing Cryosphere and Water Risk


Koshi River Basin (Nepal)

Date & Time

16 May 2023 to 23 May 2023


Shailendra Shakya, Vijay Khadgi & Pradeep Dangol

About the activities

As per the invite from the District Coordination Committee (DCC) Office of Rautahat District, Nepal, we are organising three events in Rautahat to discuss sustainability of the community-based flood early warning system (CBFEWS) at the local level, explore avenues for financial and technical support to improve resilience, expand the coverage of flood monitoring, and improve the accuracy of flood warnings provided by the device.

The flood monitoring device installed in the Lal Bakaiya River in Bara District in March 2023 will provide early warning information with a lead time of 1.5 hours about impending floods to about 262,000 people in its downstream who are vulnerable to floods in the Lal Bakaiya Basin.

This activity will be facilitated by Strategic Group 1: Reducing Climate and Environmental Risks, Action Area A: Managing Cryosphere and Water Risk.


  • Training on Community Action for Disaster Response (CADRE): 16-18 May 2023
  • Stakeholder workshop on the sustainability of CBFEWS: 19 May 2023
  • Transects walks in the communities living along the Lal Bakaiya River: 20–23 May 2023. This activity aims to establish flood alert levels more systematically and determine the technical feasibility of installing a flood monitoring devise on the Dhansar River, which is a tributary of the Lal Bakaiya River.


  • Guide local stakeholders on reaching a joint agreement for establishing sustainability of CBFEWS
  • Improve flood preparedness of vulnerable communities through the training on CADRE
  • Collect data to improve the accuracy of flood warnings


Key outputs
  • CBFEWS sustainability mechanism identified and agreed by stakeholder
  • Capacity of local organisations and communities are enhanced to improve flood preparedness


  • Local communities take active role in managing and operating CBFEWS through a GEDSI inclusive approach and improve disaster resilience.



16–18 May 2023: Training on CADRE with the Armed Police Force (APF), Nepal

Day Time (NPT) Activity Facilitator
16 May 2023 10:00–16:30

Including lunch and tea breaks

Common hazards and the community response group APF
Planning for GEDSI-inclusive DRR ICIMOD
Family Disaster Plan and basic concept of Incident Command System (ICS) APF and ICIMOD
Basic Life Support (BLS) (General procedures of BLS) APF
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) APF
17 May 2023 10:00–16:30

Including lunch and tea breaks

Technology for identifying and monitoring potential hazards ICIMOD
Basic first aid and triage: (Basic first aid concepts and skills; and community quick response sorting technique) APF
Dealing with fire emergencies APF
Basic search and rescue techniques APF
18 May 2023 10:00–16:30

Including lunch and tea breaks

Operation of CBFEWS in Lal Bakaiya ICIMOD
Water emergencies (General rules for water safety, joining and securing ropes, extension assist) APF
Other emergencies (Signs and symptoms of common emergencies e.g. bites and stings, poisoning, heat cramps, heat exhaustion, heat stroke and Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS), and pre-hospital treatment for these

Final practical exercise




Lesson 12: Closing Plenary

19 May 2023: Stakeholders workshop for sustainability of CBFEWS

Venue: District Coordination Committee Meeting Hall, Gaur, Rautahat

Time (NPT) Activity Facilitator
9:00–9:30 Introduction and welcome remarks CDO and DCC
9:30–10:00 Introduction to CBFEWS sustainability mechanism

  • Definition of CBFEWS
  • Importance of CBFEWS
  • Components of CBFEWS
  • Mechanisms for ensuring sustainability of CBFEWS
10:00–12:30 Discussion:

  • Appropriate mechanism for making CBFEWS sustainable in Lal Bakaiya
  • Roles and responsibilities of stakeholders
  • Contribution of stakeholders to the sustainability mechanism
  • Need for monitoring floods in the tributaries of the Lal Bakaiya River
12:30–13:00 Closing remarks followed by lunch
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