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The flora and fauna of the site was surveyed when the site was established, and additional sitings have been recorded ever since on a regular basis. In 1993, only 394 species of plants were identified, by 1996 this had increased to 450, and by 2002 it was 694. The status as of 2002 is as follows.
Flora – A total of 694 species of flora have been identified; close to 10% of the reported 7000 vascular plants of Nepal. They include
3 endemic species
3 exotic species
22 threatened species
7 newly discovered species
20 fodder species
41 multi-purpose tree species
93 aromatic and medicinal species
31 poisonous species, and
54 edible fruit plants.
4 endangered species
Fauna – So far 231 different species of wild fauna have been observed and identified. They include
2 species of leeches
2 species of earthworms
2 species of frogs
2 species of toads
2 species of crabs
1 species of preying mantis
6 species of spider
97 species of butterflies
88 species of birds, (1 endangered, Aroborophila mufogalis)
4 species of reptiles
7 species of snakes
5 species of large mammal
6 species of small mammal
Recently, ICIMOD embarked on a new project for biodiversity conservation and promotion: development of a useful ...
Farmers benefit greatly from honeybees. They produce honey and other bee products which can be sold, consumed, or used as ...
Research and vegetation management on the site is not confined to trees and bushes. A focused effort is being made ...