Kangchenjunga Landscape Conservation and Development Initiative (KLCDI)

Stretching along the southern side of Mount Kangchenjunga, the Kangchenjunga Landscape (KL) is one of the six transboundary landscapes identified by the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) in the Hindu Kush Himalayan (HKH) region. It covers an area of 25,080.8 km2 and spreads across part of eastern Nepal (21%), Sikkim and West Bengal of India (56%) and the western and south-western parts of Bhutan (23%). At the heart of this landscape, lies Mount Kangchenjunga (8,586 m), the third highest peak in the world, and sustains many of the vital Himalayan rivers and crucial watersheds. Mount Kangchenjunga is considered sacred by local communities and is revered by Tibetan, Sikkimese, and Kiranti people.
The KL is part of a ‘Himalayan biodiversity hotspot’ harbouring a significant portion of the world’s biodiversity. With 19 established protected areas, comprising 30% of the landscape, it contains more than 4,500 species of plants including: 500 varieties of orchid, 40 varieties of rhododendrons, more than 160 mammal species, 580 bird species, and 600 butterfly species. The landscape serves as a contiguous habitat for many umbrella and charismatic species including snow leopard (Panthera uncia), red panda (Ailurus fulgens), takin (Budorcas taxicolor), Himalayan black bear (Ursus thibetanus), Himalayan musk deer (Moschus chrysogaster), tiger (Panthera tigris) and Asian elephant (Elephas maximus). It is also home to 7.2 million people, some of whom are from unique ethnic groups found nowhere else in the world such as the Lepchas, the Walungpas, and the Lhop Doyas. This important transboundary area provides valuable ecosystem services that support the wellbeing and livelihoods of people living in the landscape, as well as millions living downstream. 

Facts about KL

  • Total area: 25,081 km2
  • Elevation range: 40- 8586 masl
  • Ecoregions within KL: 9
  • Biodiversity hotspot: 1
  • Protected areas: 19

Interactive Mapping of Kangchenjunga Landscape



Protected Area , Khangchendzonga Biosphere Reserve (KBR) , Kangchenjunga Landscape , India , Species , Plants , Seed Plants , Angiosperms , Gymnopserms , HKH-bif , Biodiversity

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Corridors , Neora Valley National Park , Toorsa Strict Nature Reserve , Kangchnejunga Landscape , India , Bhutan , species , plants , seed plants , angiosperms , gymnosperms , HKH-bif , Biodiversity


KL Map


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