Malé Declaration on Control and Prevention of Air Pollution and its Likely Transboundary Effects for South Asia

On March 1998 at the Asian Institute of Technology (AIT), Bangkok, Thailand, a round-table policy dialogue consisting of senior government officials and experts agreed on a draft declaration regarding the rapidly increasing problem of regional air pollution with a focus on South Asia.

The Seventh meeting of the Governing Council of SACEP was held in April 1998 in Malé, the Republic of Maldives, and adopted the declaration naming it the ‘Malé Declaration on Control and Prevention of Air Pollution and Its Likely Transboundary Effects for South Asia’.

The Malé Declaration stated the need for countries to carry forward, or initiate, studies and programmes on air pollution in each country of South Asia.

The Malé Declaration on Control and Prevention of Air Pollution and Its Likely Transboundary Effects for South Asia is the first regional environment agreement in South Asia to tackle transboundary air pollution through regional cooperation. The participating countries in the Malé Declaration are Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Iran, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka.

Objectives

The main objective of the Malé Declaration programme is to promote the establishment of a scientific base for prevention and control of Transboundary air pollution in South Asia to encourage and facilitate coordinated interventions of all the stakeholders on Transboundary and shared air pollution problems at national and regional levels.

ICIMOD is implementing the Nepal part of the activities on behalf of the Ministry of Enironment, Science and Technology (MoEST)

Duration

Implementation of the Malé Declaration has been divided into three phases.

Phase III (2005 - 2009) – Tackling air pollution problems
Phase II (2001 - 2004) – Capacity building
Phase I (1999 - 2000) – Baseline information on air pollution and awareness raising

Geographical coverage

Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science (IAAS), Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal was selected as the transboundary air pollution monitoring site. The institute is located at 27o38’ 52.8” N,  84o 20’ 47.7” E and 165 m above sea level, 15 km south of the Royal Chitwan National Park and 25 km south of Indian border.

Core financial partners/development partners/sponsors

Financial Support: SIDA
Coordinating Agencies: UNEP, SEI, SACEP
National focal Point: MoEST
National Implementation Agency: ICIMOD
Technical support: IVL, Sweden, KIMAB, Sweden

Implementing partners

Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science (IAAS), Chitwan, Tribhuvan University
Clean Air Network Nepal representing NGOs
Center for Pollution Studies, Institute of Engineering representing academic institutions
Department of Hydrology and Meteorology, Government of Nepal
Supported by research work in the universities

Contact information

Bidya B. Pradhan
Environment Officer
IKM-MENRIS
bbanmali@icimod.org