Food and Nutrition Security 

Mountain people endure the highest levels of food and nutrition insecurity in the region. Not only is it challenging to farm in the mountains, but farmers depend heavily on a few highly selective crops, agro-biodiversity is declining, and climate change is contributing to the depletion of natural resources. Those factors combine with socioeconomic pressures to make mountain people particularly vulnerable to poverty and food insecurity. 
There are many plant species grown in the region with significant food and nutritional or industrial potential, such as millet, sorghum, buckwheat, sea-buckthorn, and wild fruits. But they remain under-utilized, without a clear strategy for their evaluation and development. With institutional support to intensify production and diversify farming systems, the region has considerable potential for agricultural production, from agro-forestry to fruit, vegetable and nut farming to the raising of fish, poultry and livestock. 

Publications

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Datasets

The dataset present the crop sown area for rice crop during 2010 - 2015.


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The dataset present the drought frquency during the last 30 years in Spring season. The data is based on CHIRPS rainfall data by Climate Hazard Group (CHG).


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The dataset present the drought frequency during the last 30 years in winter season. The data is based on CHIRPS rainfall data by Climate Hazard Group (CHG) .


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The dataset present the drought frquency during the last 30 years in summer sesoan. The data is based on CHIRPS rainfall data by Climate Hazard Group (CHG) .


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The dataset present the crop sown area for wheat crop during 2010 - 2015.


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The dataset present the drought frquency during the last 30 years in Autumn season. The data is based on CHIRPS rainfall data by Climate Hazard Group (CHG) .


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This is a list of seed plants (angiosperms and gymnosperms) recorded from the Mahananda Wildlife sanctuary.


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Science applications

Food security is emerging as a concern in the Himalayas, with changes in weather patterns, the water cycle, and water availability, due to climate change. Remote sensing provides an effective way of monitoring agricultural fields and providing a synoptic view of the result of field practices, which can then be processed to help agricultural scientists make appropriate decisions.

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This application uses district based statistics on various agriculture products such as crops, legumes, fruits and livestock published by Ministry of Agriculture. Likewise, district’s elevation range information shown in the same section have been derived from global Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) 90m Digital Elevation Model dataset.

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