Biodiversity

With their steep terrain, fragmented landscape and thermal gradients, mountain ecosystems are host to higher species richness and levels of endemism than adjacent lowlands. Many organisms adapt and specialise in these microhabitats, which can provide islands of suitable habitat isolated from unfavourable surrounding lowlands. 
Biogeographically, the Hindu Kush Himalayas straddles a transition zone between the Palearctic and Indo-Malayan realms. Species from both realms are found in the region, with a high proportion of globally threatened plants and animals facing high levels of human pressure. The region hosts all or part of four areas labelled as Global Biodiversity Hotspots: the Himalayas, Indo-Burma, Mountains of South-West China, and Mountains of Central Asia. 
Mountain species with narrow habitat tolerance, particularly higher elevation forms and those with low dispersal capacity, are at high risk from the environmental effects of climate change. The region’s increasing population has led to widespread logging, intensive overgrazing, wetland drainage for subsistence purposes, and extensive clearing of forests and grasslands for cultivation. Inappropriate land management and ill-planned development have led to the fragmentation of remaining habitats. 

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Datasets

The dataset is part of phenometrics produced using time series MODIS 13 Q1 data throught Timesat algorithms.


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The dataset is part of phenometrics produced using time series MODIS 13 Q1 data throught Timesat algorithms.


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The past few decades have seen high levels of deforestation and forest degradation in the Hindu Kush Himalayan (HKH) region. In this context, under SERVIR Himalaya programme, ICIMOD has developed forest cover monitoring system to identify forest change hotspot areas which need critical forest management attention in four pilot areas. This forest cover data of Bandarban, Bangladesh for 2013 has been developed using LandSat 8 data in a semi-automated manner as part of the forest cover monitoring system.


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This layer gives information about the impacts of net primary product on forest ecosystems in Chitwan Annapurna Landscape.


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This layer gives information about the impacts of mean net primary product on forest ecosystems in Chitwan Annapurna Landscape.


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This layer gives information about the impacts of decadal winter season forest fire on forest ecosystems in Chitwan Annapurna Landscape.


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Evapotranspiration Mean 2003-2013 layer gives information about the impacts of evapotranspiration on forest ecosystems in Chitwan Annapurna Landscape.


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Leaf Area Index layer gives information about the impacts of Leaf Area Index on forest ecosystems in Chitwan Annapurna Landscape.


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This layer gives information about the impacts of mean Leaf Area Index on forest ecosystems in Chitwan Annapurna Landscape.


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This layer gives information about the impacts of gross primary product on forest ecosystems in Chitwan Annapurna Landscape.


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