Biodiversity

With their steep terrain, fragmented landscape and thermal gradients, mountain ecosystems are host to higher species richness and levels of endemism than adjacent lowlands. Many organisms adapt and specialise in these microhabitats, which can provide islands of suitable habitat isolated from unfavourable surrounding lowlands. 
Biogeographically, the Hindu Kush Himalayas straddles a transition zone between the Palearctic and Indo-Malayan realms. Species from both realms are found in the region, with a high proportion of globally threatened plants and animals facing high levels of human pressure. The region hosts all or part of four areas labelled as Global Biodiversity Hotspots: the Himalayas, Indo-Burma, Mountains of South-West China, and Mountains of Central Asia. 
Mountain species with narrow habitat tolerance, particularly higher elevation forms and those with low dispersal capacity, are at high risk from the environmental effects of climate change. The region’s increasing population has led to widespread logging, intensive overgrazing, wetland drainage for subsistence purposes, and extensive clearing of forests and grasslands for cultivation. Inappropriate land management and ill-planned development have led to the fragmentation of remaining habitats. 

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Datasets

This checklist contains a total of 191 bird species documented from the India part of Kailash Sacred Landscape. This information has been collated from feasibility assessment report of the Kailash Sacred Landscape Conservation and Development Initiative and from IUCN websites.


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This checklist contains a total of 470 bird species documented from Nepal part of the Kailash Sacred Landscape. This information has been collated from feasibility assessment report of the Kailash Sacred Landscape Conservation and Development Initiative and from IUCN websites.


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This checklist contains a total of 8 mammal species documented from the China part of Kailash Sacred Landscape. This information has been collated from feasibility assessment report of the Kailash Sacred Landscape Conservation and Development Initiative and from IUCN websites.


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This checklist contains a total of 38 mammal species documented from the India part of Kailash Sacred Landscape. This information has been collated from feasibility assessment report of the Kailash Sacred Landscape Conservation and Development Initiative and from IUCN websites.


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This checklist contains a total of 422 species of medicinal plants documented from Nepal part of the Kailash Sacred Landscape. This information has been collated from feasibility assessment report of the Kailash Sacred Landscape Conservation and Development Initiative.


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This checklist contains a total of 143 species of medicinal plants documented from the India part of Kailash Sacred Landscape. This information has been collated from feasibility assessment report of the Kailash Sacred Landscape Conservation and Development Initiative and from IUCN websites.


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This checklist contains a total of 75 species of medicinal plants documented from the China part of Kailash Sacred Landscape. This information has been collated from feasibility assessment report of the Kailash Sacred Landscape Conservation and Development Initiative.


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This checklist contains a total of 82 mammal species documented from Nepal part of the Kailash Sacred Landscape. This information has been collated from feasibility assessment report of the Kailash Sacred Landscape Conservation and Development Initiative and IUCN redlist website.


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This checklist contains a total of 32 bird species documented from the China part of Kailash Sacred Landscape. This information has been collated from feasibility assessment report of the Kailash Sacred Landscape Conservation and Development Initiative and from IUCN websites.


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This layer gives information about the impacts of decadal winter season gross primary product on forest ecosystems in Chitwan Annapurna Landscape.


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