Cities and Climate Change Research


South Asian cities need to adapt to climate extreme events and work with their inhabitants to find a strategy to move away from the current urban culture of producing and haphazardly disposing large amounts of solid waste. This can be done by reducing the volume of waste produced, organizing dumping behaviour, improving waste collection systems, investing in drainage, replacing riverside and wetland dumping with engineered landfills, and identifying sustainable mechanisms to finance these improvements in waste management.

The project ‘Economic Analysis of Solid Waste Management and Drainage for Climate Resilient Cities in South Asia,’ seeks to generate the knowledge required to improve the resilience of South Asian cities—Bharatpur in Nepal and Sylhet in Bangladesh—to climate change through improved waste management, and help cope with the issues of waterlogging and flooding that are expected to get worse with climate change and urban growth.

The project was funded through a research grant from the International Development Research Centre (IDRC), a Crown Corporation of the Government of Canada.

Project timeline: 2017 – 2020.

Solid waste and flood risk: A tale of two South Asian cities

This video discusses key findings from the study. The research was carried out between January 2017 and December 2019. The images and footage used in the video were all taken before December 2019.


Title Written by Published by
Long Read: Cities and Climate Change – Improving Liveability through Impactful Research in Two Cities in South Asia Mani Nepal, A.K. Enamul Haque London School of Economics (LSE)


The project is led by Mani Nepal (Principal Investigator), Programme Coordinator, SANDEE, ICIMOD. E Somanathan, Professor, Economics and Planning Unit, Indian Statistical Institute, provides technical support and advice. Rajesh Rai, Environmental Economist and Madan Singh Khadayat, Research Associate at SANDEE, oversee the management and mobilization of fieldwork.

Consultants Bishal Bharadwaj and Rishi Ram Kattel work on the project implementation. AK Enamul Haque, Director, Asian Center for Development, coordinates the research work in Sylhet, Bangladesh, while working closely with the partner organizations (Institute of Water Modeling and Sylhet City Corporation) and several other researchers as Co-Principal Investigator.

Partner organizations

Cities and climate change research

Download project flyer

ठोस फोहोर–मैला व्यवस्थापन र ढल निकासको अर्थशास्त्र: दक्षिण एशियाली शहरहरु लाई जलवायु –समानुकुलन बनाउने दीगो प्रयत्न


The economics of solid waste management and drainage: Sustainable approaches to making South Asian cities climate-resilient (2019)


Lecture at Duke University sharing the project research findings

Mani Nepal addresses graduate students of Duke University, sharing the journey of ‘Cities and Climate change’ project and it’s research findings.