Women in adaptation

Women in the HKH region are often at the frontline in managing natural resources on a daily basis, having different responsibilities and unique capacities. They are also positioned differently from men regarding the particular ways they are impacted and their potential role in adaptation.

To foster adaptation, it is important to explore how the specific knowledge, expertise, and experiences of women can be realized and engaged in responding more effectively to a changing environment. However, women are often constrained by unequal power relations and gender-biased attitudes. It is therefore important to address the way unequal power relations due to social, economic, cultural, or political conditions affect people’s resilience and may hamper adaptation measures. This component focuses on the differentiated relationship between and among women and men and their ability to adapt to climate change in highly dynamic environments and different socio-cultural contexts across the region.

It also examines how planned adaptation measures and policies can take into account women’s prominent role and gendered knowledge and contribute to more equitable access to and provision of development resources.


Differences in impacts and adaptive capacities between and among women and men are understood and addressed, and appropriate and sustainable adaptation strategies are identified to ensure equitable access to resources, rights and opportunities of marginalized, minority, and indigenous people, especially women.

Strategic Orientations

Collaborating, engaging, and taking further the findings of the component on vulnerability and adaptation as well as integrating gender issues into other components to varying degrees as appropriate; understanding the differential impacts of climate change on women’s roles, division of labour, decision-making, and control and access to resources; assessing the risks and opportunities posed by different drivers of change in view of evolving gender relations and other socioeconomic and political-ecological dynamics; strengthening the capacity of partners and project actors for the integration of gender analysis, equity, and issues into programmes; and integrating gender issues and enhancing women’s role in coping strategies and adaptation policies.


Carry out scoping studies, exploratory missions, stakeholder consultations, needs and gap assessments at different levels, and Rapid Photographic Assessments; conduct case studies and action-oriented, evidence-based research; undertake monitoring and evaluation and participatory evaluation field visits; strengthen capacity for gender analysis and develop women’s leadership skills; identify and pilot gender profiles, best practices, and adaptation strategies for different ecological zones; disseminate results to three target audiences.


Workshop; assessments and reports; regional literature review on the state-of-the-art research on gender and climate change, scoping studies/needs assessments/national round tables/institutional mapping at national level; training, case studies, regional networking, and interim reports.