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Policies on energy

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Policies on energy

SN. Policy Year Country Short description (From report)
1 The National Renewable Energy Policy 2015 Afghanistan In line with the plan to meet 10 percent of national demand with RE by 2032 (350 – 450 MW), the government has set out an RE policy and policy implementation strategy with a focus on stimulating privately-financed projects, both small-scale and large and is consistent with ARREP and APSMP.
2 Sustainable and Renewable Energy Development Authority Act, 2012 2012 Bangladesh The Act establishes the Sustainable and Renewable Energy Development Authority (SREDA) to facilitate renewable energy and energy efficiency measures in Bangladesh.
3 Renewable Energy Policy of Bangladesh, 2008 2008 Bangladesh The objective of the Renewable Energy Policy is to facilitate deployment in rural, peri-urban and urban areas to meet both electricity and thermal energy needs. It sets a target to develop renewable energy sources to meet 5% of total power demand by 2015 and 10% by 2020.
4 Electricity Act of Bhutan, 2001 2001 Bhutan The Act enabled the restructuring of the power supply industry making possible the participation of the private sector by providing mechanisms and regulations for licensing and operations. It also led to the establishment of the Bhutan Electricity Authority as an autonomous regulatory body (National Assembly of Bhutan, 2014).
5 Alternative Renewable Energy Policy, 2013 2013 Bhutan The AREP 2013 policy aims to promote and encourage the use of renewable energy in both urban and rural areas. The policy identifies long-term and short-term objectives and covers technical and financial support, fiscal incentives, and tariff setting for grid-connected and distributed renewable energy solutions. Large hydro projects are not covered under this policy (Ministry of Economic Affairs, 2017).
6 Energy Efficiency and Conservation, 2019 2019 Bhutan The policy strives to ensure demand side management of energy intensive sectors including building, appliances, industry, and transport. The measures in these targeted sectors are expected to reduce energy intensity and GHG emission, as well as increase revenue from electricity export (Ministry of Economic Affairs, 2019a).
7 Renewable Energy Law, 2005 2005 China The dedicated renewable energy law provides for the purchase of renewable energy generation by power grid operators. The law also offers financial and tax incentives for renewable energy development.
8 Renewable Energy Law-2005 Amended in 2009 China
9 Solar Charkha Mission 2018 India The Solar Charkha Mission of the Ministry of Micro Small & Medium Enterprises (MSME), was launched in 2018, aiming to cover 50 solar charkha clusters in rural areas.
10 Scale up to Access of Clean Energy Scheme (ACE) 2018 India The “Scale Up of Access to Clean Energy (ACE) for Rural Productive Uses” initiative enhances the use of reliable and affordable renewable energy for rural productive uses/livelihoods in un-served and under-served areas in 3 states; Assam, Madhya Pradesh and Odisha for strengthening rural livelihoods, improving income generation and reduce use of fossil fuels.
11 Developing and promoting DRE livelihood applications in rural areas Policy (draft) 2020 India The policy covers various aspects including demand assessment, R&D and standardization, pilot and up-scaling of DRE livelihood applications, access to financing, skills development and capacity building, public information and awareness and coordination across ministries/departments.
12 National Action Plan on Climate Change 2008 India Provided the basis for the establishment of an autonomous body to facilitate the implementation of various policies, programmes and projects in the field of renewable energy.
13 Draft Renewable Energy Policy 2014 Myanmar It aims to address technological needs for energy services by introducing renewable energy technology. It seeks to deploy renewable resources through wind, solar, hydro and biomass for communities, private enterprises and the other national and international stakeholders.
14 Hydropower Development Policy 2001 Nepal The Hydropower Development Policy pursued to introduce competitive environment for electricity development with the setup of an independent regulatory body and unbundling of NEA. This policy also emphasized bilateral and regional energy cooperation.
15 Rural Energy Policy 2006 Nepal Poverty reduction and environment conservation in rural areas by incorporating different source of energy utilized for household and socio-economic purposes and enhancing access to clean, appropriate, sustainable and reliable energy.
16 Climate Change Policy 2011 Nepal Reduce GHG emissions by promoting clean energy.
RE subsidy policy and subsidy delivery mechanism 2016: Subsidy allocation for promoting renewable energy for both productive and consumptive use.
17 National Energy Efficiency Strategy 2018 Nepal Aim to double improvement rate of EE from 0.84% per year 2000-2015 to 1.68% per year by 2030
18 White Paper of Ministry of Energy, Water Resources and Irrigation 2018 Nepal Increase investment in hydropower development including the transmission line and distribution of electricity. Encourage use of RE and improve energy security and institutional reform.
19 National Climate Change policy 2019 Nepal Promote green economy by adopting the concept of low carbon emission and integrate CC issues into policies, strategies plans and program at different sector.
20 Fifteen Periodic Plan (2019/20 – 2023/24) 2020 Nepal 12% contribution of RE in total energy consumption and aim to provide additional 15% population access to electricity.
21 Alternative Energy Development Board Act 2010 Pakistan Provided the basis for the establishment of an autonomous body to facilitate the implementation of various policies, programmes and projects in the field of renewable energy.
22 Alternative and Renewable Energy Policy 2019 Pakistan The ARE Policy 2019 updates the earlier Policy for Development of Renewable Energy for Power Generation, 2006. It provides a framework for the scale-up of renewable energy solutions in the power sector. Small hydro is not considered and is likely to be covered under a separate policy.
23 NEPRA (Alternative & Renewable Energy) Distributed Generation and Net Metering Regulations 2015 Pakistan It provides a framework for domestic, commercial and industrial consumers to sell surplus power generated by renewables up to 1 MW to DISCOs.
24 NEPRA (Interconnection for Renewable Generation Facilities) Regulations 2015 Pakistan It facilitates interconnection of renewable energy based projects with the electrical networks of the distribution companies or the transmission companies.
25 National Energy Efficiency & Conservation Act 2016 Pakistan It aims to develop mechanisms and procedures for effective implementation of energy efficiency measures, including demand-side initiatives such as the Standards and Labelling regime for equipment and appliances. The National Energy Efficiency Conservation Authority (NEECA) has been established as the nodal agency for implementation.