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Stakeholder consultation: Emissions from open burning of agricultural residue




Online, MS Teams

Date & Time

24 August 2021


Sagar Adhikari

Organized by: Central Department of Environmental Science (CDES) – Tribhuvan University and International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD)


About the seminar

In recent decades, the Hindu Kush Himalaya (HKH) has been affected by rising emissions of air pollutants raising concerns about deteriorating air quality, impacts on health and visibility, changes in atmospheric heating and cooling, and changes in cloud microphysics and the strength and timing of the monsoon. The Central Department of Environmental Science (CDES), TU and our Atmospheric Watch Initiative (AWI) have been working together to address the issue of open agricultural burning – a major source of seasonal air pollution – focusing on the causes, effects, and possible mitigation measures in Nepal.

The main objective of the seminar is to bring together various stakeholders – Department of Environment, Department of Agriculture/Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Industry, Nepal Agricultural Federation, representatives from pellet industries, farmers, and academia to discuss the current scenario of open agricultural burning in Nepal and potential mitigation solutions, such as the use of residue as a potential alternative fuel source. The seminar is expected to lead to future strategic collaborations to address the issue.



24 August 2021 | 11:00-13:00 (NPT)




Opening session (Facilitator: Enna Mool, Faculty Member, CDES)


Online registration

Sagar Adhikari, Water and Air, ICIMOD

Welcome remarks

Rejina Maskey, Professor and Head, CDES and Pema Gyamtsho, Director General, ICIMOD

Programme overview

Siva Praveen Puppala, Water and Air, ICIMOD

Remarks by the chief guest  

Pem Narayan Kandel, Secretary, Ministry of Forests and Environment, Government of Nepal

Presentations (Facilitator: Sagar Adhikari, Water and Air, ICIMOD)


Current scenario of open agricultural residue burning practice in Nepal

Bhupendra Das, PhD Scholar, CDES


Alternative solutions/ Potential mitigation options

Sugat Bajracharya, Livelihoods, ICIMOD

Panel discussions

Session chair/co-chair: Rejina Maskey Byanju, CDES and Bhupesh Adhikary, Water and Air, ICIMOD


Farmers’ perspectives

Nahendra Khadka, Coordinator, National Peasant Coalition

Saraswati Subba, Chairperson, National Land Right Forum

Industry perspectives

Kanhaiya Bhagat, Entrepreneur, Universal Briquette and Pellet Industry

Surendra Gorkhali, Entrepreneur, Mhepi Briquette Industries

Academic perspectives – TBC

Urban municipality perspectives – TBC

Government perspectives

Hari Bahadur KC, Joint Secretary, Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Development

Indu Bikram Joshi, Deputy Director General, Department of Environment

Chandika Bhatta, Senior Divisional Engineer, Ministry of Industry, Commerce & Supplies



QA and open discussion on panel sessions, conclusion by session chairs

All participants


Vote of thanks and closing remarks

Iqbal Mead, Atmosphere, ICIMOD

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