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Episode 3: Nature-based solutions for conservation and sustainable development




Online (Zoom)

Date & Time

25 August 2022 to 26 August 2022

Register Abstract submission Concept note

Nature-based solutions for conservation

The third episode of the webinar series will provide a platform to share case studies, experiences, and innovative practices from the Far Eastern Himalaya Landscape (FEHL), and the wider HKH and other mountain regions across the world, that focus on nature-based solutions to address socioeconomic and environmental challenges such as poverty, disaster reduction, erosion, pest infestation, pollution, and extreme weather while achieving net gains in biodiversity.

Sustainable development in the FEHL is threatened by declining ecosystem services, environmental degradation, climate change, natural disasters, poverty, food insecurity, and inadequate infrastructure and services. Integrating biodiversity conservation and local development has always been a challenge, especially in a priority conservation area like the FEHL. Nature-based solutions have the potential to protect, sustainably manage, and restore ecosystems while addressing societal challenges such as climate change, biodiversity loss, poverty, and inequality.  They also offer opportunities to meet critical societal needs while building long-term environmental and economic resilience.


Call for abstracts

We invite abstracts for the third webinar on 25-26 August 2022. Selected abstracts will be published in a compendium and authors will be invited to present their work at the webinar.



  • Nature based solutions/ecosystem-based adaptation to address climate change, poverty reduction, and natural disasters
  • Green mountain economy, green ways of production and consumption, and sustainable livelihoods
  • Valuation of ecosystem services/nature’s contribution to people
  • Financial incentives for biodiversity conservation


Guideline for abstracts

  • Must be based on best practices and innovative approaches from the Far Eastern Himalaya Landscape, HKH region, or any mountain region
  • Must include a short background, methodology, results, discussion, and conclusion
  • Only abstract submitted in English will be considered
  • The length of the abstract must not exceed 500 words


Please submit your abstract here.



20 July 2022: Call for abstracts for oral presentations

1 August 2022: Registration

10 August 2022: Deadline for abstract submission

12 August 2022: Notifications sent to abstract submitters

25-26 August 2022: Webinar

Agenda (Tentative)

25–26 August 2022


Time (NPT) Agenda Speakers
Session I: Nature-based solutions: Concept, criteria, and practices

Moderated by: Srijana Joshi, ICIMOD

13:00–13:10 Webinar objectives Srijana Joshi, ICIMOD
13:10–13:40 Keynote presentation: NbS concept, criteria, and examples Raphael Glemet, International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Asia Regional Office Thailand
13:40–14:30 Panel discussion: How does NbS fits in the HKH region? Anu Adhikari, IUCN, Nepal

Sunita Chaudhary, ICIMOD

Mizan R Khan, International Centre for Climate Change and Development (ICCCAD), Bangladesh

Norbu Wangdi, Royal Society for the Protection of Nature (RSPN), Bhutan

Madhu Verma, World Resources Institute (WRI), India

14:30–14:40 Q&A and summary
14:40–14:45 Break
Session II: Innovative use of nature for economic development in mountains of HKH

Moderated by: Yi Shaoliang, ICIMOD

14:45–15:00 Bird photography tourism for sustainable development in North western Yunnan Yang Jianmei, Southwest Forestry University, China
15:00–15:15 Fungi ecotourism: A new adventure in Nepal Shiva Devkota, Global Institute for Interdisciplinary Studies (GIIS), Nepal
15:15–15:30 Traditional ethnic cuisine: Natural solution to food, nutrition, and health Chenxiang Rimchi Nokrek Marak, North East Slow Food & Agrobiodiversity Society (NESFAS), India
15:30–15:45 Ethnobotanical practices and their economic relevance: Case from Southern Shan State, Myanmar Aye Mya Mon, Kunming Institute of Botany (KIB) – Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), China
15:45–15:55 Break
15:55–16:10 Natural fibre from Calotropis procera: building regional value chain Xu Jianchu, Centre for Mountain Future, KIB-CAS, China
16:10–16:25 Circular bioeconomy for sustainable development in the Himalayas Debomitra Sil, Xavier Institute of Management (XIM University), India
16:25–16:40 Tourism as a nature-based solution for sustainable development in Chittagong Hill Tracts, Bangladesh Md. Anowar Hossain Bhuiyan, National Open University, Bangladesh
16:40–17:00 Q&A & closing session

Time (NPT) Agenda Speakers
13:00–13:10 Recap of Day 1 Srijana Joshi


Session III: Managing natural challenges by following the law of nature

Moderated by: Bandana Shakya

13:10–13:30 Keynote presentation: Mountain specific NbS for DRR: Enablers and barriers for scaling Anna Scolobig, University of Geneva, Switzerland
13:30–13:45 Reviving springshed through sustainable land management Sanjeev Bhuchar, ICIMOD
13:45–14:00 Managing source river basins to improve the water quality of Erhai Lake Li Na, Dali University, China
14:00–14:15 Restoring forests and rangelands through innovative financing mechanism Bhaskar Karky, ICIMOD
14:15–14:30 Traditional architecture solutions to maintaining/regulating indoor temperature Tyler Survant/Anna Leshnick

Narayan Acharya, Better Building Bureau and Sustainable Future, Nepal

14:30–14:50 Q&A and summary
14:50–15:00 Break
Session IV: Investing in nature-based solutions: national plans and investment in forests and biodiversity in HKH

Moderated by: Deepshikha Sharma, ICIMOD

Click here for the agenda of this special session

Session V: Closing session

Moderated by: Srijana Joshi, ICIMOD

16:45–17:00 Summary and way forward
Closing remarks
Yi Shaoliang, ICIMOD
Nakul Chettri, ICIMOD

Meet the speakers


Md. Anowar Hossain Bhuiyan

Md. Anowar Hossain Bhuiyan is a faculty member at the National University, Bangladesh. He holds a PhD in Environment and Development and has worked as a post-doctoral researcher at the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM). Bhuiyan engages in research and consultancy activities with the different ministries of Bangladesh. He also shares his expertise with international organisations like UNDP, OIC, EU, and ADB.

Anna Scolobig

Anna Scolobig is a disaster and risk researcher with a social science background. With 18 years of experience in adaptation, social vulnerability, and resilience, her work focuses on responses to climate and environmental change, with an emphasis on improving decision-making processes and policies. After receiving a PhD in flood risk perception and communication at the University of Udine, Italy, she conducted research for institutions in Germany, Austria, United Kingdom, and Switzerland. Her work on nature-based solutions focuses on governance enablers and barriers to NBS design, implementation, and maintenance.


Debomitra Sil

Debomitra Sil is a second-year undergraduate student of environmental science at the Xavier Institute of Management (XIM) University. Technological advancements in the fields of ecology and climate studies inspire her to work towards a sustainable future. Sil is especially interested in renewable energy systems and conservation studies.

Aye Mya Mon

Aye Mya Mon is a PhD student at the Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences. She works as a young researcher in Myanmar’s ethnobotany research improvement. Her research interest lies in ethnobotany study of medicinal and edible plants in Southern Shan State of Myanmar and Xishaungbanna, Yunnan, China.


Shiva Devkota

Shiva Devkota is a mycologist at the Global Institute for Interdisciplinary Studies (GIIS), Nepal, and the co-chair of the Himalayan Climate and Science Institute, USA. He is also a fellow for IPBES’s assessment of sustainable use of wild species. Devokta has over 18 years of experience working on wild mushrooms, caterpillar fungus, and lichens. He is one of the lead mycologists for the digitisation of available mushrooms and lichens museum specimens in Nepal and a pioneer in the successful implementation of the very first mycotourism expedition 2022 in the Everest region. Devkota was also honoured for his work by having a new species, Lobaria devkotae, named after him, which was newly discovered in Xizang Province, China.

Raphael Glemet

Raphael Glemet is the Programme Coordinator for Water and Wetlands at the IUCN Asia Regional Office in Bangkok, and the regional focal point for nature-based solutions for UNFCCC and the Ramsar Convention. He has 14 years of experience working in environmental conservation with governments, INGOs, and intergovernmental organisations, covering a range of topics including water and transboundary cooperation, wetlands management, coastal ecosystems, fisheries, and nature-based solutions for resilience. Glemet holds an MS in wetlands management and engineering from the University of Angers, France.


Norbu Wangdi

Norbu Wangdi currently works as the Project Coordinator for the five-year International Climate Initiative Project ‘Developing ecosystem-based solutions for managing biodiversity landscapes in Bhutan’ at the Royal Society for Protection of Nature, Thimphu, Bhutan. He has served as the Chief Forestry Officer for the Forest Resources Management Division under the Department of Forests and Park Services. His interests lie in understanding the long-term societal impacts of climate change and the possible adaptation options for enhancing community resilience in Bhutan. Wangdi has a doctorate from the University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences (BOKU), Austria, and a Master of Forestry from Indira Gandhi National Forest Academy, India.

Tyler Survant

Tyler Survant is the co-founder of Better Building Bureau and an architect and adjunct assistant professor of architecture at the City College of New York. Concerned with the social impact of the built environment, Survant’s professional work has focused on projects in sub-Saharan Africa and Nepal. Most notably, for SHoP Architects, he relocated to Gaborone, Botswana for on-site construction administration of the Botswana Innovation Hub, a tech incubator for the country’s Ministry of Tertiary Education, Research, Science and Technology. And for Sharon Davis Design, he project-managed the Bayalpata Hospital, a rammed earth medical campus in the Himalayan foothills for Nepal’s Ministry of Health and Population. He holds degrees in architecture from Washington University in St. Louis and Yale University. He is a licensed architect in the state of New York.


Anna Leshnick

Anna Leshnick is the co-founder of Better Building Bureau and a designer and Passive House Consultant, certified by the North American Passive House Network in cooperation with the Passive House Academy. Originally from Moscow, she studied architecture at the Bezalel Academy of Art and Design in Jerusalem. Leshnick’s prior experience ranges from an Israeli architectural office focused on the preservation of the architectural heritage of Tel Aviv to Sharon Davis Design, an office in New York City noted for its work in Rwanda and Nepal.

Madhu Verma

Madhu Verma is the Chief Economist at WRI India. An environment and developmental economist, and policy analyst, Verma’s work at WRI India focuses on providing the thread of economics across various ongoing and new programs in India, supporting the global economics team, and leading research on ‘Economic valuation of ecosystems and green accounting’ and to bring this body of knowledge in the radar of policymakers and other stakeholders. She has 35 years of work experience with several ministries, national and international institutes, and UN bodies, and has more than 40 publications in international and national journals and more than 45 project reports.


Anu Adhikari

Anu Adhikari is a Senior Programme Officer (Climate Change, Gender and Social Inclusion) at IUCN Nepal with more than 15 years of experience in biodiversity conservation, gender and social inclusion, and climate change and adaptation. She has been involved in the coordination of IUCN’s Ecosystem Management Programme in Nepal. As part of this programme, Adhikari has implemented projects and initiatives that focus on Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA) and Ecosystem-based Disaster Risk Reduction (Eco-DRR) in Nepal. She has also published several articles and papers on various themes related to the environment.

Mizan R. Khan

Mizan R. Khan is the Deputy Director at the International Centre for Climate Change & Development, Independent University, Bangladesh. He is also the Technical Lead of the Least Developed Countries (LDCa) Universities’ Consortium on Climate Change (LUCCC), an official programme of the LDC government. He has a PhD in environmental policy and management from the University of Maryland School of Public Policy, MD, USA. Khan is the lead author of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). In the early 1990s, he worked as a Senior Researcher at the Centre for International Development and Conflict Management (CIDCM), UMCP, MD, USA. Since 2001, Khan attends climate negotiations as a lead negotiator with the Bangladesh delegation.


Bhaskar Karky

Bhaskar Karky is a resource economist and carbon finance specialist at ICIMOD. He first joined ICIMOD in November 2007 as a researcher and then as a coordinator for the REDD project implemented in India and Nepal. He has an MSc in Agricultural Development Economics from Reading University, UK, and holds a PhD in the economics of climate change policy from the University of Twente, Netherlands. Prior to joining ICIMOD, he worked for the National Trust for Nature Conservation, Centre for Micro-Finance, and Danida in Nepal. Karky has published numerous papers focusing on climate policy, REDD, payment for environmental services, micro-finance, and renewable energy.

Sunita Chaudhary

Sunita Chaudhary is a trained forester with several years of research and teaching experience in natural resources management in Australia, Austria, Cambodia, and the Hindu Kush Himalaya. She earned her PhD from Macquarie University, Australia, and has an MSc in protected area management from Austria. Chaudhary has been awarded several fellowships and grants including the Nepal Bidhya Bhusan ‘B’, MQ Research Excellence Fellowship, East-West Centre Graduate Fellowship, Austrian Development Agency, Ford Foundation, WWF Prince Bernhard, Nuffic, and International Tropical Timber Organisation (ITTO), among others.


Sanjeev Bhuchar

Sanjeev Bhuchar is the senior water management specialist at ICIMOD. Prior to ICIMOD, he worked with the G.B. Pant Institute of Himalayan Environment and Development in India, Helvetas Swiss Intercooperation in Afghanistan. He has a PhD in Botany with a specialisation in ecology from Kumaun University, India, and practical experience, knowledge, and skills in the watershed and springshed management in changing climate and other contexts. Bhuchar has co-authored several peer reviewed articles, working papers, resource books, and manuals concerning watershed management, spring revival, and other resilient mountain solutions.

Xu Jianchu

Xu Jianchu is a professor at Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences. He is a leading ethno-ecologist who works in coupled human-environmental systems. He served as the Programme Manager for Water, Hazard and Environment at ICIMOD from 2004 to 2007. His research areas include regional environmental changes, land uses, water resources and forest resources management, mountain ecosystems, and biodiversity. He has published over 100 papers in high-impact journals including Nature, Science, PNAS, Conservation Biology, Fungal Diversity, and Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution. Xu is also the chief representative for the ICRAF East Asia Office and founder and head of the Centre for Mountain Futures, which focuses on research and experiments on mountain ecosystem restoration and development.


Yang Jianmei

Yang Jianmei is a professor at the Tourism Department of the Southwest Forestry University of China, Kunming, Yunnan. Her field of teaching and research includes management of protected areas and historical sites, community participation in nature conservation, and ecotourism. Jianmei has been studying and providing technical guidance to bird photography tourism development in Western Yunnan.

Chenxiang Rimchi Nokrek Marak

Chenxiang Rimchi Nokrek Marak works as a senior associate at the North East Slow Food and Agrobiodiversity Society (NESFAS), Meghalaya, India with a professional background in nutrition. Her area of work involves promoting indigenous food systems to secure food and nutrition and bringing local solutions to health issues like micronutrient deficiencies among young mothers, children under five, and the community.


Li Na

Li Na is a research assistant at the Institute of Eastern-Himalaya Biodiversity Research, Dali University, China. She focuses on the interactions of biological diversity, environmental diversity, and cultural diversity.


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