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Knowledge exchange and exposure visit on

Application of crop residue in the brick industry




Punjab, India

Date & Time

28 November 2022 to 29 November 2022

About the event

ICIMOD – in collaboration with the Climate & Clean Air Coalition (CCAC), and as lead partner of the CCAC’s Bricks Production Initiative – works on mitigating black carbon and CO2 emissions from brick production. As part of this collaboration, ICIMOD is organising an exposure visit for Nepali brick kiln entrepreneurs and government officials to Punjab, India. The participants will learn about pellet production and application in the brick industry and discuss investment opportunities and the scalability of this practice in Nepal.



The open burning of crop fields in the Indo-Gangetic Plain, which stretches across India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Nepal, is one of the most significant sources of air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions in the region. Open burning has severe impacts on public health, the economy, and the environment.

A potential solution to this problem is to make pellets from crop residue (which is usually burned) as an alternative fuel for brick and other industries.

The Punjab State Council for Science & Technology (PSCST) has been working on producing and using alternative fuels for brick kilns and has developed and tested a scientific and engineering method to make rice straw pellets for use as fuel in brick kiln. ICIMOD recently signed a letter of intent with the PSCST to work on multiple knowledge exchange and training activities related to reducing industrial emissions.


Time Programme
08:45–09:00 Introduction
09:00–09:30 Knowledge exchange on pellet production and application

  • Lessons from Punjab (presentation)
  • Discussion and Q&A
09:30–13:30 Visit to a small-scale pellet production factory

  • Visit to the factory
  • Overview of the plant and its workflow
13:30–14:30 Lunch
14:30–16:30 Visit to a brick kiln using pellets as fuel

  • Visit to the brick kiln
  • Overview of the brick kiln and pellet application workflow
16:30–19:30 Return to hotel

Time Programme
09:00–13:30 Visit to a large-scale pellet production factory

  • Visit to the factory utilising pellets
  • A brief overview of the plant and its workflow
13:30–14:30 Lunch
14:30–16:30 Visit from a factory using pellets

  • Visit to the factory
  • A brief overview of the factory and pellet application workflow
16:30–18:30 Return to hotel
18:30–18:45 Feedback on the visit and lessons learnt