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Bihar is India’s poorest state, and also the most flood-prone, with 73 per cent of its area routinely flooded by rivers from the Himalayas. Floods impact over three-quarters of the people of North Bihar.
The Hindu Kush Himalayas are a hot spot of climate change. There is already evidence of major changes affecting mountain areas, with potentially devastating consequences for hundreds of millions of people in the mountains and downstream. Adaptation
Upstream and downstream are connected. So are natural resources and human livelihoods. Improving the management of water resources in the Hindu Kush Himalayas means recognizing those connections and building them into policy making and development
Ecosystems provide a network of services to communities that help sustain livelihoods. Integration of earth observation data with GIS makes it possible to quantify the supplies and demands of ecosystem services and provide reliable data for
Much of the water originates around the highest mountains on earth, a region often called “the third pole” because of its immense concentration of snow and ice, the largest outside the Arctic and Antarctic. Relying on a complex interplay of
The objectives of the field visit were to strengthen collaboration between various actors working in the Upper Indus Basin; develop a better understanding of the impact of climate change on the environment in Gilgit Baltistan; and explore options to
Many records indicate that the trend of rising temperatures is more significant in mountain regions than adjacent lowlands. Climate models also suggest that the future will bring greater temperature increase and more erratic precipitation.
Over the past decade, concern for the changes wrought on ecosystems and livelihoods by climate and other changes has prompted greater awareness of the importance of this valuable resource for mountain people and downstream populations. However,
Economic valuation of ecosystem services
In the mountains, permafrost stabilizes rock slopes, moraines and debris-covered slopes. For instance, moraines consist of loose sediment often held together by permafrost. When permafrost thaws, slopes become more vulnerable to erosion. Debris and