Regional Programmes

Livelihoods and ecosystem services in the Himalayas: Enhancing adaptive capacity and resilience of the poor to climate and socioeconomic changes (AdaptHimal)

The initiative will work to develop a system to delineate pockets of poverty and vulnerability and identify location-specific drivers of change in project areas. The initiative has conducted participatory assessments in 15 project districts in Bhutan, India, and Nepal to document impacts of change and community responses to deal with change; the assessments have also included institutional dependency and support needs of communities to deal with stress arising from such change. 

Based on the assessments, participatory action research pilots have been implemented with partners in all three countries, focusing on selection of – and access to – stress-tolerant crops, community-based veterinary healthcare, access to market information using ICT approaches, and income diversification and enhancement adopting the value chain approach. Participatory policy engagement using Adaptation Learning Highways has also been implemented in India and Nepal

Overall objectives

  • Assess the impacts of climate and socioeconomic changes on the poor in mountain areas of the Hindu Kush Himalayan region and identify adaptation and coping mechanisms
  • Validate and pilot innovative livelihood options for the mountain poor to cope with climate change and socioeconomic challenges

Build the capacity of mountain communities and partner institutions to adapt to climate and socioeconomic changes and to promote the formulation and improvement of pro-poor policies through analytical work and knowledge sharing

Geographical coverage

  • Bhutan
  • India
  • Nepal 



  • Bhutan Association of Women Entrepreneurs (BAOWE)


  • Aajeevika (Uttarakhand Livelihood Improvement Project)
  • Himalayan Action Research Centre (HARC)
  • Meghalaya Livelihoods Improvement Project (MRDS)
  • North Eastern Region Community Resource Management Project
  • Uttarakhand Organic Commodity Board


  • Center for Environmental and Agricultural Policy Research, Extension and Development (CEAPRED)
  • Environment, Culture, Agriculture, Research and Development Society (ECARDS)
  • High Value Agricultural Products project
  • Leasehold Forestry and Livestock Promotion project
  • Nepal Development Research Institute
  • Practical Action
  • Western Upland Poverty Alleviation project

Started from: June 2009