Disaster Update: China, India and Nepal

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China

Forty-two people have been killed and 13 others left missing after rain-triggered floods in Northwest China's Gansu province over the past two weeks. The downpours that began pounding 14 counties and districts in the cities of Longnan and Tianshui on August 11 had affected 1.15 million residents, with more than 150,000 of them evacuated. The floods had caused 30,000 homes to collapse and damaged 110,000 others. Nearly 60,000 hectares of crops had been flooded. In hardest-hit Chengxian county, floods had killed 23 people and left nine missing. The country will likely experience abnormally low temperatures and freezes this winter, warned a senior official with the China Meteorological Administration. So far this year, 14 rounds of torrential rain have hit the southern region of China and areas along the lower reaches of the Yangtze River. In July, North China also suffered five rounds of rainstorms successively. On early Aug 8, devastating rain-triggered landslides hit Zhouqu county in Northwest China's Gansu province, killing at least 1,435 people and leaving 330 others missing.
 
India

The cloudburst in Leh, the main city in the Himalayan border region of Ladakh, India provides evidence of the lack of adequate documentation on sporadic weather events. News agencies report that flash floods and landslides in the Ladakh region have killed at least 170 people. Hundreds of people are reported as still missing and several villages cut off from relief efforts due to collapsed bridges and blocked roads where landslides deposited boulders and mud up to 15 feet high (4 metres).
 
Over 50,000 people have been reported affected as more than forty villages were flooded by the swelling tributaries of the mighty Brahmaputra River in Dhemaji and Lakhimpur districts. Aid workers estimate up to 25,000 people in Leh and surrounding villages have been affected by the monsoonal deluge and thousands have sought refuge in relief camps and rehabilitation centres. Save the Children reports that more than 5,000 children have been affected by this humanitarian tragedy in Leh alone.
 
Official estimates suggest the partial or total damage to Ladakh infrastructural at 80%. Thousands of soldiers have been taking part in the relief efforts.
 
Major rivers like Ganga, Yamuna and Gomti have been reported as flowing above the danger mark at most places in Uttar Pradesh.
 
According to the India Meteorological Department (IMD), Delhi alone has received a total 681.3 mm of rainfall sofar this monsoon, which is 39 percent above average.

Nepal

The Far western region has been worst hit by this year’s monsoon rains. The monsoon havoc has affected life in the eastern districts of Jhapa and Sankhuwasabha, East Nepal. In Jhapa, a raging Ratuwa has put (wards 12, 13 and 18 of Damak municipality) at grave risk, while the Biring River has forced 24 families of Dangibari VDC-3 to move out. The Mahakali River flood has forced temporary relocation of local schools in Kanchanpur
 
Heavy rainfall for seven days has led to rising water levels in the Karnali River and has put thousands of families are at risk in Bardiya district. 600 families have been shifted to safer places by the district administration.
 
Local news media have been periodically reporting on cases of injury and/or mortality in various districts in Nepal due to monsoonal floods or landslides triggered thereof.