Climate Variability and Coping

Brief information

This segment looks at changes in the environment that have taken place in the last 10 years as well as the coping strategies adopted by households to deal with these changes. 


Nearly 40% of the events household faced in the past 12 months had not previously occurred in the last 10 years. Major events observed by households in the last 12 months which had not occurred in the past 10 years in the community were erratic rainfall (50%), high temperatures (46.6%), drought (44%), dry spells (42%), irrigation problems (32.7%), insect attacks (31%) and the occurrence of new animal species (31%). More changes related to agriculture and livestock were observed in Terhthum, Saptari, Humla, and Sindhupalchok than in other districts. Additionally, a large portion of the households in Terhthum, Jajarkot, Humla, and Sindhupalchok observed changes in temperature and precipitation patterns.

Comparatively, households in Sindhupalchok and Terhthum were seen to have undertaken the highest variety of actions to cope with changes occurring in their villages. Households in Terhthum were seen to have adopted more positive coping strategies (i.e., a higher percent of households introduced new types of crops and livestock) than households in Sindhupalchok.

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