Household Consumption, Income and Durable Goods

Brief Information

This section looks at household consumption patterns and income structures. Consumption patterns were derived from household spending on food and non-food items. Information on the products collected from forests and wetlands are linked to both household consumption and income.  


Firewood, timber, and dried, fallen leaves were the most popular products collected by households from forests and wetlands. The most important source of household income in Humla was the sale of medical and aromatic plants, which can be correlated with the widespread practice of collecting medical and aromatic plants from the forests and wetlands in the area. In general, the major sources of yearly household income were daily wages (27.9%), remittances (15.7%), income from business and trade (13.3%), salaried employment (11.7%), the sale of crops, vegetables, and fruit (10.8%), and the sale of livestock and livestock products (10.3%). Among the nine surveyed districts, households in Kailali received the highest average amount of remittances from both inside and outside the country. 

Average food expenses were highest in households in Bajhang and lowest in households in Jajarkot and Kailali. Households in Sankhuwashava, Bajhang, Humla, and Sindhupalchok spent more money than those in other districts on alcoholic beverages and tobacco products.

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