Engagement in Agriculture

Brief Information

This section illustrates the access of surveyed households to agricultural land. It also provides information on characteristics of the land, crops grown, and various aspects of common agricultural practices.


A majority of the households in Sankhuwashava, Terhthum, Gorkha, Jajarkot, Bajhang, Humla, and Sindhupalchok had access to agricultural land. In Kailali and Saptari, only about 50% of the households had access to agricultural land. Although only 56% of the households in Saptari had access to agricultural land, the average agricultural land available per household was the highest among the nine districts. A large portion of the households surveyed used artificial fertilizers (40.7%) and pesticides (80%), but only a small percentage used agricultural equipment such as tractors (4.7%), power tillers (6.5%), or harvesters/threshers (3.8%). 

Millet, wheat, barley, rice, and summer maize were the most commonly grown staple crops and ginger, winter potatoes, onion, and garlic were the most popular cash crops. Lentils, soybeans, and cow peas were the most commonly grown supplementary crops.

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