Environment and Economic Shocks and Coping

Brief Information

This section looks at the major problems/shocks (both economic and environmental) households faced during the last 12 months along with the severity of the shock and the resulting damage. It also looks at actions undertaken by households to deal with the effects of the shock and the parties assisting households in the recovery process. 


Family illness, crop pests, livestock diseases, and debt were the most frequently reported problems/shocks households faced during the last 12 months. The resulting financial damage was highest in Sankhuwashava. 

In order to deal with the effects of shocks, households adopted strategies such as purchasing less preferred/less expensive food (33%), buying food on credit (32%), borrowing money from relatives (43.6%), borrowing money from friends (23.6%), borrowing money from cooperative/village funds (16.3%), or selling assets (18.6%). On average, following the event it took households 3.7–12.3 months to return to a satisfactory condition. Various people/groups/institutions assisted households in coping with the effects of traumatic events. Among these groups, family (69.6%), people of the community (50.8%), and friends (45.3%) played the most significant role in recovery. In Humla, NGOs and international organizations played a larger role in helping households cope with events in comparison to other districts. 

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