The Second Phase of the Development of Sustainable Energy for Rangeland (DESER II) was launched in Bhutan, China, India, Nepal, and Pakistan in July 2009 by ICIMOD with financial support from the Austrian Government. It was completed on 30 June 2011.
The long-term objective of DESER II was to enhance the sustainable livelihood of the people and their environment in rangeland areas by supporting access to environmentally friendly, socially equitable, and economically sustainable energy resources and technologies. DESER II intends to scale up the development of the product, tools and techniques within the project area after being tested successfully in Phase I. Another objective was preparation for rolling out the programme into the remaining areas of the Hindu Kush- Himalayan (HKH) rangelands through commercialisation and market development by addressing the challenges of availability and affordability. The project handled the challenge of identifying and proposing strategic, sustainable, replicable, and scalable innovations in terms of policy, and their pilot demonstrations across the rangeland ecosystems throughout Hindu Kush-Himalayas.
The major accumulative achievements of the project have been the following: (i) best practice technologies from phase I were disseminated to households in the project sites; (ii) new energy supply options identified, tested, and demonstrated; (iii) under the project technologies, low cost portable and fixed solar lamps and metallic stoves were promoted among target communities;(iv) knowledge base updated on sustainable energy options for the rangelands; (v) innovative financing scheme established and demonstrated to address affordability; (vi) capacity of partners, relevant stakeholders and beneficiary communities enhanced in managing decentralised sustainable energy systems; (vii) best practice results documented and disseminated for replication and up-scaling.