Road, Trail, and Bridge Construction 

The pilot demonstration project identified the improvement of road connectivity within and to the Dhungentar settlement as an important step towards building a resilient village. Proper road networks will also support the project’s livelihood-building programmes through better market linkage and access to urban services in Battar town and Kathmandu. 

Dhungentar is composed of five cluster villages: Ratamate, Karamfedi, Archale, Dhand, and Mathillo Dhand. Ratamate, Karamfedi, and Archale are located on steep hillsides, whereas Dhand and Mathillo Dhand are situated on the same gradual hillside. 

Construction of the Archale–Karamfedi Access Road 

The main road from Battar leads to Dhand and Mathillo Dhand. A branch of the same road reached only up to Ratamate before the earthquake, leaving Archale and a part of Karamfedi inaccessible by vehicle. This presented considerable difficulty in the transportation of construction materials for this project. 

Bidur Muncipality initiated the construction of a 1,537-metre access road from Ratamate through Karamfedi to Archale. To accelerate reconstruction efforts and improve intra-connectivity, the project contributed NPR 500,000 towards this construction. This access road was completed in late October 2017, after which construction activities in the inaccessible project sites were considerably expedited. 

The 1,537 m Karamfedi–Archale access road, which is accessible by vehicles

Construction of the Dhand–Archale Trail Road and Bridge 

Dhand and Archale, situated on hillsides separated by the Khahare Khola (monsoon-fed seasonal stream), were connected by a narrow dirt trail road before the earthquake. Without a proper bridge to cross the stream, the trail became slippery and hazardous during monsoon. 

Accordingly, the project constructed a wider, 367 m trail road from Dhand to Archale. This trail was paved with CSSBs that were damaged during production. A bridge (span 6.5 m, width 1.65 m) was then constructed over the Khahare Khola to connect the trail road.

A wide view of the Dhand–Archale trail

Hear from the people

"I was one of the first ones to build my shelter in Archale. But Archale was so inaccessible then; it was so difficult to get here, let alone bring in construction materials. During monsoon, the path was very slippery and we couldn’t cross the stream. On bad days, my husband couldn’t get to work and our children couldn’t go to school. We struggled to complete our house. But it was necessary. It was much, much easier for people who made their shelters after the trail from Archale to Dhand was constructed. It’s even better now with the bridge over the stream. It’s very, very easy now. I can’t believe we used to struggle to get to places."
- Santa Sunar, Archale

Construction of the Dhand–Karamfedi Trail Road

Dhand and Karamfedi (situated on the same hillside as Archale) were also connected by a narrow dirt trail road before the earthquake. Since the narrow bridge on this trail remained functional even after the earthquake, only the 115 m trail was improved. 

The construction of these trail roads and the bridge significantly eased the difficulty in transporting construction materials to Archale and Karamfedi and improved the road connectivity within Dhungentar.

The 115 m Dhand–Karamfedi trail road


A wide view of the Karamfedi–Archale access road
Construction of the Dhand–Archale trail road 
Construction of the Dhand–Archale bridge over the Khahare Khola 
The completed Dhand–Archale bridge, which spans 6.5 metres and has a width of 1.65 metres
Repair work on the Dhand–Archale bridge after heavy rains in early 2018
A Dhungentar local uses the Dhand–Archale trail road, with the bridge in the background
A wide view of the trail and bridge that connect Dhand with Archale (settlement at the bottom-centre)