SWaRMA has seven thematic areas for capacity enhancement, co-creating knowledge, and facilitating co-learning platforms:
  • Water availability analysis: SWaRMA will conduct capacity enhancement activities on water resources assessment to assess water availability in the Kabul river basin. This will be done in close collaboration with the concerned ministries and department related to water use planning and management. The training on water resources assessment and management will involve use of state-of-the-art tools such as hydrological models for water availability analysis.
  • Cryosphere monitoring: SWaRMA will strengthen the capacity of young Afghan professionals in field-based monitoring of snow cover and glaciers, and collecting hydro meteorological data through field based trainings in Nepal. This data will be linked with remote sensing-based monitoring being conducted in collaboration with SERVIR and the Cryosphere Initiative.
  • Flood monitoring and early warning: SWaRMA will help generate knowledge about community based flood early warning system (CBFEWS) and enable local partners to monitor flood water and provide early warning. It will work with FOCUS Humanitarian and ANDMA and also explore opportunities to link this with ongoing activities of MEW and focus on community preparedness.
  • Water resources management: To build the capacity of water resources planners and managers, SWaRMA will develop a capacity enhancement package on Integrated River Basin Management with departments, ministries and other partners. This package will cover integrated aspects of water resources management such as enabling environment, management instruments, and institutional framework for economic, societal, and environmental benefits. The training package will be specific to Afghanistan’s water resources management needs and the HKH region in general.
  • Water resources planning at basin scale: SWaRMA will enhance the capacity of local partners to progress toward detailed basin planning by increasing their understanding of water availability, use, and demand in the basins, and exploring the development potential of their water resources. The training and capacity development activities will use tools and methods developed by CSIRO (Australia) for data poor basins. 
  • Water information system: SWaRMA will use learnings from past experience to update and create a coherent knowledge base for water data management and carry out need-based capacity building activities. SWaRMA will prepare a stakeholder map listing key organizations working on water information system, water resources management, their roles and capacities, and existing gaps in knowledge. This will focus on analysing the capacity of key ministries with substantial water resource management and related responsibilities. The water information system will be implemented with water managers in key ministries. Activities will include on-the-job training and building broader awareness on water data management. A prototype water information system will be developed to ensure that trainees can develop, customize, and improve the information system.
  • Regional cooperation: SWaRMA will use the Upper Indus Basin Network (UIB Network) and other existing networks to encourage science-based dialogue between Afghanistan and neighboring countries in the HKH region. UIB-Afghanistan Chapter will be established at the national level and will be linked with the regional UIB-Network. Other capacity enhancement opportunities will be provided for regional engagement, such as trainings on transboundary water resource management, negotiation skills, water diplomacy, exchange visits, and engaging in relevant regional/international fora.
Participants of the first Upper Indus Basin Network - Afghanistan Side Event
The inception workshop for SWaRMA was held from 9 to 11 March, 2018 in New Delhi, India.
Hands on training  for the participants from India, Pakistan, Nepal and Afghanistan on flood early warning system organized as part of SWaRMA. Photo by: Neera Shrestha Pradhan