Transboundary Landscape Conservation Policy and Institutional Innovations in the Eastern Himalayas: Promoting landscape as a strategy to climate change adaptation and sustenance of ecosystem services

The International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, with support from the MacArthur Foundation has been implementing the landscape approach to biodiversity conservation through development of conservation corridors in the Kangchenjunga Landscape. The past efforts of six years have brought enriching experience and considerable progress in terms of promoting biodiversity conservation through an integrated approach, linking conservation with socio-cultural and economic elements; and building up stakeholders’ synergy at local, national, and regional level. The initiative has brought an inspiring understanding among the partners about the significance of conservation at the landscape level and has created considerable amount of interest among scientists, policy makers, and the general public. For the Kangchenjunga landscape (KL), national level strategic plans for corridor development have been developed, and in some cases have already been integrated into national strategies. The framework for regional cooperation for implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity has been published and the framework for a regional strategy for the management of biodiversity is underway.

Phase III of the “Transboundary Biodiversity Management” initiative gives continuity to past progress in terms of strengthening the capacity of partner organisations and policy innovations for the management of biodiversity in the KL and filling information gaps to address the challenges of climate change and other second generation problems; as well as promoting the concept in another important landscape of the eastern Himalayas.


  • Strengthen the KL as an integrated model for effective conservation and to replicate the process to initiate understanding the ‘landscape approach to conservation’ in the Namdhapha-Hkakaboraji-Gaoligongshan landscape shared by China, India, and Myanmar;
  • Fill knowledge gaps to provide a better understanding of biodiversity resources and services and their vulnerabilities in terms of climate change; and
  • Enhance capacities of collaborating partners and local communities to understand the status and importance of biodiversity and the impact of climate change on biodiversity and increase their knowledge base on ecosystem services and their values.


  • Phase III (April 2008 - March 2011, reporting extended until July 2011)
  • Phase II (April 2005 - March 2008) completed
  • Phase I (April 2002 - March 2005) completed

Geographical coverage

The Kangchenjunga Landscape (western Bhutan, Darjeeling and Sikkim in India and eastern Nepal), and the Namdhapa-Hkakaborazi-Gaoligongshan Landscape (Arunachal Pradesh of India, Kachin state of Myanmar and Yunnan Province of China)

Core financial partners/development partners/sponsors

The MacArthur Foundation

Implementing partners

Ministries from respective governments and community-based organisations in the member countries

Contact information

Nakul Chettri
Biodiversity Specialist
Environmental Change and Ecosystem Services

Bandana Shakya
Biodiversity Analyst
Environmental Change and Ecosystem Services