Low access to electricity and heavy reliance on traditional solid fuels for domestic cooking and heating are the hallmarks of poverty in the Hindu Kush Himalaya (HKH). Lack of access to clean and safe energy takes a heavy toll on human health and time, particularly that of women and children, and the environment. This also impedes development and entrenches poverty. Nowhere are energy poverty and its consequences as precarious as in the remote rural mountain areas of the HKH where mountain communities are finding it increasingly difficult to meet their energy needs in a sustainable manner.
The primary thrust of the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) on energy has always been to promote access to clean energy services for meeting the needs of dispersed rural mountain communities by way of the sustainable development of decentralized renewable energy options (such as biomass conversion, biogas, wind power, solar power, and mini/micro-hydro power, among others) that promote economically and environmentally sound livelihood options, reduce pressure on forests, reduce drudgery, and health hazards for women by acting as both a mitigation and an adaption response to the effects of climate change. Conventional approaches to rural electrification, through a centralized grid connection have been unable to reach the poor residing in remote off-grid rural mountain communities scattered across the HKH, where levels of demand and affordability are low and the cost of providing electricity is high. This, together with the scale-sensitivity of mountains due to their fragile nature, makes decentralized renewable energy options more viable in mountain areas for meeting the energy needs of the poorest people.
The application provides tools to view chart of daily stream flow and soil moisture for a given dam and the associated river basin respectively. The streamflow value corresponds to value of streamflow raster data on the location of dam whereas soil moisture value corresponds to average soil moisture value of the basin containing the dam.
The statistics on glaciers can be viewd for entire HKH region or at disaggregatged basin and sub-basin levels. The glacier number, glacier area and estimated ice reserves can be viewed as charts for user-specified cut-off elevation, cut-off slope and aspect.