Application of Satellite Rainfall Estimation in the Hindu Kush-Himalayan Region – Phase II

Since 2001, ICIMOD has been actively engaged in close collaboration with regional partner countries on Flood Disaster Mitigation. As part of the activity of a long-term project on Regional Cooperation in Flood Forecasting and Information exchange in the HKH region funded by United States Agency for International Development, Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID-OFDA) in the monsoon of 2004 ICIMOD shared with its partners 24 hr, 48 hr and 72 hr rainfall forecasts over the HKH region made available by OFDA to all its partners. The feedback and interest expressed by partners of the HKH region in rainfall estimation trainings were shared with OFDA. With similar trainings held under the Asia Flood Network (AFN) programme of USAID-OFDA on Satellite Rainfall Estimation and Associated Technologies for the Mekong River Riparian Countries, training workshops were held in the HKH region in 2005 and 2006 to transfer the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and United States Geological Survey (USGS) technology in Satellite Rainfall Estimation (SRE) to partners in the HKH region. On the basis of the implementation plans developed by the partner countries during the 2005 workshop and the interest expressed to strengthen rainfall monitoring and its applications in their countries a project on Application of Satellite Rainfall Estimates in the HKH region has been implemented jointly by ICIMOD, its partner countries viz. Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Nepal and Pakistan, NOAA, USGS and USAID-OFDA.

The Application of Satellite Rainfall Estimation in the Hindu Kush Himalayan (HKH) Region Phase  – II project is based on the outcomes of Phase I of the project, which initiated the validation of satellite rainfall estimates over the HKH region and looked at applications into flood forecasting.

Phase II of the project addresses the gaps identified in Phase I. It will promote regional cooperation to assess and monitor regional and transboundary hazards and build capacity of partner countries in state-of-the-art technology in risk monitoring. Phase II of the project is implemented by ICIMOD together with its partners and with the financial support from USAID-OFDA and technical support from USGS and NOAA.


The Application of Satellite Rainfall Estimation in the Hindu Kush-Himalayan Region – Phase II project aims to minimize the loss of lives and properties via reduction in natural vulnerability to floods and droughts in the HKH region, in particular the Indus, Ganges, Brahmaputra, and Meghna Basins. The project seeks to strengthen regional cooperation in flood forecasting and information exchange and build capacity among partner institutions.

Specific Objective(s)

  • Validate and improve Rainfall Estimates (RFE) provided by NOAA
  • Implementation of Satellite Rainfall Estimation (SRE) to flood forecasting
  • People-centred, end-to-end forecast system operational in pilot basins
  • Capacity building of ICIMOD and partner countries in SRE


Current Phase: August 2008 - October 2012
Previous Phase: June 2006 - December 2007

Geographical coverage


Core financial partners/development partners/sponsors

Financial: United States Agency for International Development Office for Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID-OFDA)
Technical: United States Geological Survey (USGS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)

Implementing partners

Bangladesh: Bangladesh Water Development Board (BWDB), Bangladesh Meteorological Department (BMD)
Bhutan: Hydro-meteorological Services Division, Department of Energy, Ministry of Economic Affairs, Royal Government of Bhutan
China: China Meteorological Administration, China Bureau of Hydrology, Tibet Meteorological Bureau, Bureau of Hydrology, Tibet Autonomous Region
India: National Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting (NCMRWF), North-East Centre for Environmental Research and Development (NE-CERD)
Nepal: Department of Hydrology and Meteorology (DHM), Department of Water Induced Prevention, Department of Meteorology – Tri-Chandra Campus (Tribhuvan University), Central Department of Hydrology and Meteorology (Tribhuvan University)
Pakistan: Flood Forecasting Division (FFD), Meteorological Department (PMD)

Contact information

Mandira Shrestha
Water Resources Specialist
Integrated Water and Hazard Management

Pradeep Mool
Remote Sensing Specialist
Integrated Water and Hazard Management

Sagar Ratna Bajracharya
Satellite Hydrology Officer
Integrated Water and Hazard Management