The regional programmes of ICIMOD have been designed to support poor and vulnerable mountain communities in the HKH region in mitigating and adapting to climate change. Particularly the component “piloting activities for climate change adaptation” of the Initiatives focuses on strengthening the resilience of mountain people in vulnerable areas through the delivery of products and services that will improve livelihood opportunities and encourage natural resource management practices at the local level. ‘Bees and pollination’ - a component of the Livelihoods thematic area - is included in four Initiatives of the two regional programmes including Rural Livelihoods and Climate Change Adaptation in the Himalayas (Himalica), AdaptHimal, and Himalayan Climate Change Adaptation Programme (HICAP) of the Adaptation to Change programme and Kailash Sacred Landscape Conservation and Development Initiative (KSLCDI) of the Transboundary Landscape programme. 

‘Bees and Pollination’ component contributes to the result statement of the Adaptation to Change Programme is “Adaptive capacities of women, men, and children of the HKH region facing socio-economic and environmental change, including climate change, enhanced and supported through appropriate policies and practices” and one of the outcome indicators of the regional programmes is “number of women, men and children benefitted from innovative adaptation related strategies, policies and programmes”. Beekeeping is an income diversification option for the poor - men, women and youth and the landless. 

Under different Initiatives of the Adaptation to Change programme, particularly in Himalica the interventions are made at the two levels including collaborative action research and value chain analysis and promoting bees and pollination as livelihoods diversification option to increase the adaptive capacity of the mountain communities in pilot areas. Under AdaptHimal the objective is to build the capacity of IFAD funded national projects, particularly in Chittagong Hill Tract Districts of Bangladesh in beekeeping, while in HICAP the efforts are to demonstrate the importance of beekeeping (in improving income, livelihoods and adaptive capacity of the communities) through including it as a component in Climate Smart Villages in Kavre district.   Similar efforts are being made to develop community-based bee enterprise for livelihoods improvement under KSLCDI of the Transboundary Landscape. Following activities are being undertaken as part of different programmes. 

Other activities are: