Nepal

This website compiles disaster updates from Nepal.

This is the virtual home of the UN in Nepal, developed and maintained by OCHA to support coordination efforts through the sharing of information on humanitarian and development issues. With your contributions, this site will be regularly updated with the latest news, studies, reports and assessments relevant to Nepal. Send us your information.

The UNDP in Nepal has experience of over 2 decades of engaging with the disaster management sector in the country. Beginning initially with support for post disaster response and relief, the engagement since has moved towards supporting disaster risk mainstreaming into development issues. Post the Yokohama conference in 1994, UNDP has assisted Government of Nepal GoN in the institutionalization of disaster risk reduction. In Nepal, the cornerstone of UNDP's strategy is to comprehensively link disaster risk reduction with development. In recent times, the UNDP's engagement has spread out from institutional development to community level initiatives for basic disaster management.

UNICEF Nepal developed a DP plan in 2001 as part of the UN Disaster Response Preparedness Plan which focused on the earthquake scenario in the Kathmandu Valley, which has been a priority for UNICEF Nepal. This was further updated in 2003 and the vulnerability of the Kathmandu Valley water supply systems was undertaken. Hence, in the current DIPECHO project, UNICEF aims to provide emergency water supply for surviving population in LSMC areas as a pilot project and it proposes to undertake the current intervention plan through collaborative efforts and partnership agreements with local agencies such as, LSMC, NWSC and DWSS authorities.

Nepal Red Cross Society (NRCS)has been involved in the Community Based Disaster Preparedness Program (CBDP) since 1997. Their CBDP program aims to organize and empower the local community with the knowledge and skills to carry out the disaster preparedness activities themselves, which include hazard mitigation, reduction of vulnerabilities and establishing linkages with local organizations who provide support for managing the disaster. The current DIPECHO project is in line with NRCS' efforts and addresses the needs of six branches in districts with a population vulnerable to disasters. It is a pilot project, replicable in other branches where disasters are part of daily life. It is the first step of a longer-term commitment to initiate disaster preparedness/risk reduction activities involving the communities themselves in the design and implementation, thereby creating a sense of ownership and a proactive partnership as opposed to a reactive passive response.

The current project by Practical Action will be focusing on 2 selected flood prone districts by means of awareness generation building local community capacities, undertaking the establishment of Early-Warning Systems (EWS), construction of dykes emergency shelters and bridges. The EWS established will be built on the existing traditional system and will be managed by the local people, as the communities will be trained in managing the system. The early warning component of the operation will be integrated with awareness creation activities, preventive measures such as physical structures and orientation on emergency evacuation systems and structures.

Oxfam GB has been working in Nepal for the last 21 years, primarily through local implementing agencies. Amongst its developmental interventions, it has been implementing the River Basin Programme and flood preparedness programme with financial support from ECHO in 2003. The activities proposed in the current DIPECHO project will be integrated with the existing River Basin and Dalit Empowerment Programme of Oxfam GB in the districts Mahottari and Nawalparasi. Oxfam’s staff will be especially trained in disaster preparedness and mitigation so that the proposed Disaster Preparedness Programme will be an example to replicate in Nepal by the government and other agencies.

CARE  has an established presence and strong linkages with communities, local authorities and civil society groups in the target areas of operation under the current DIPECHO project, which is the result of years of development in these districts. In the past, CARE has successfully implemented disaster risk reduction projects, some of which have been supported by DIPECHO.

Action Aid has been working in Nepal for over 2 decades in a total of 66 districts through local partners. AAN has considerable experience working on DP/DM in the state and has recognition 'Emergency and Disaster Management' as one of its crossing-over initiatives. Hence, it undertakes activities that will mitigate the effects of emergencies including capacity-building, advocating people’s rights, promoting Early-Warning Systems and increasing the capacities of the vulnerable groups to influence the development actors to come out with a regular programme to deal with disasters. Action Aid Nepal broadly translates its commitments in emergency and DP/DM through creation of information base/MIS, capacity building, building alliances, resource mobilization and promoting the rights of the disaster victims on proper compensation and rehabilitation through advocacy for the formulation of appropriate policies the government.

The Nepal Center for Disaster Management will work in a pragmatic way that will make a difference in the field of disaster management in the country. The Center will establish close coordination with national and international institutions and agencies and develop conducive environment of trust and friendship with them, and help enable the local communities to cope with the natural disasters more effectively.

The Nepalese people, living in a country of high seismic hazard, have faced the consequences of many earthquakes including those of Great Earthquakes. Therefore, in order to reduce the impacts of future earthquakes; to raise awareness amongst the people on the possibilities of earthquake disaster reduction; to contribute to the development of science and technology related to earthquake disaster mitigation and implementation of earthquake resistant measures in construction; and to fulfill the necessity of a national, professional, non-governmental scientific organization, Nepalese professionals belonging to various technical as well as social aspects of earthquake disaster management decided to constitute the National Society for Earthquake Technology-Nepal. In order to gain a legal status to this national level organization, the founders of this Society unanimously adopted this Constitution.

The Department of Hydrology and Meteorology (DHM) is an organisation under the Ministry of Environment, Science and Technology, Government of Nepal. The scope of work includes the monitoring of river hydrology, climate, agrometeorology, sediment, air quality, water quality, limnology, snow hydrology, glaciology, and wind and solar energy. General and aviation weather forecasts are the regular services provided by DHM. As a member of the World Meteorological Organisation (WMO), DHM contributes to the global exchange of meteorological data on a regular basis.

Established in 1997, the Disaster Preparedness Network (DP-Net) is envisioned as a loose association of individual organisations within the development sector in Nepal, which are concerned with disaster management.