The resilient mountain village approach is an innovation arising from our recent experience in the Climate Smart Village pilot in Nepal. It has been realized that the aspirations of farmers in the mountain areas of the HKH can only be realized by adopting a much broader integrated approach. Therefore, ICIMOD is expanding the climate smart village-related agriculture in the form of a resilient mountain village approach, integrating climate, socio-economic and future resilience.
Climate resilience includes areas such as elements of the farming system (e.g. sustainable soil management practices and approaches, soil nutrients, crops, pest management; cash crop development, agroforestry development, livestock development, natural resources management); water (e.g. water harvesting for drinking, livestock, irrigation); and energy (e.g. forest management, biomass based energy development, harnessing solar energy) management.
Socio-economic resilience includes economic development (e.g. market, value chains of high value products) and infrastructure (e.g. traditional irrigation, solar pumps for irrigation), gender and institutions (e.g. forest user groups, women groups, local governments, agriculture extension).
Future resilience deals with digital services (e.g. smart phone crop and weather advisory, ICTs), financial services (e.g. crop/livestock insurance) and preparedness of farmers on disaster risks (e.g. droughts, crop failures, hailstorms, floods). ICIMOD is piloting these agriculture-focused resilient mountain villages in earthquake-affected villages in Nepal and is now extending the piloting to other ecological regions and countries of the HKH.