Cryosphere Initiative

The Cryosphere Initiative hosted within the Regional Programme on Cryosphere and Atmosphere of the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) focuses on the monitoring of glaciers, snow, permafrost, glacial lakes, and glacio-hydrology with an emphasis on in situ measurements, remote sensing, and modelling.

The Cryosphere Initiative, with support from the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and partners, works to establish ICIMOD as a Regional Cryosphere Knowledge Hub to collate and share the knowledge of partners working in the region. Working with regional and international institutions that focus on cryosphere and cryosphere hydrology, the Initiative is enhancing the capacity of institutions in ICIMOD’s regional member countries to generate and access relevant data and knowledge about the cryosphere and sustained cryosphere monitoring. This work will contribute to the development of effective measures and policies for water resources and risk management in the HKH region.

Objectives

  • To improve knowledge and understanding of the HKH cryosphere and the impacts of climate change on water resources and hazards, and 
  • To build regional capacity for cryospheric monitoring in the region.


Publications

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Updates

Datasets

The 1000 m MODIS imagery showing a daily cloud cover of the HKH region. The image is generated using MODIS (NASA) algorithms to MODIS data received on ICIMOD's receiving station.


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Digital polygon data of Glacier area inventory of 1980, 1990, 2000 and 2010 of Nepal. This dataset is created using Landsat MSS,TM and ETM+ imageries of four respective decades. The glacier outlines were derived semi-automatically using object-based image classification (OBIC ) method separately for clean ice and debris cover and further editing and validation was done carefully by draping over the high resolution images from Google Earth. Moreover, the glacier outlines for 2000, 1990 and 1980 were derived manually modifying the glacier outlines of 2010 by overlaying separately the images of respective decades.


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Digital polygon data of Glaciers of Bhutan in 2010. This dataset is created using Landsat TM and ETM+, imageries of 2010. The glacier outlines was derived semi-automatically using object-based image classification (OBIC ) method separately for clean ice and debris cover and further editing and validation was done carefully by draping over the high resolution images from Google Earth.


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Digital polygon data of Glaciers of Bhutan in 2000. This dataset is created using Landsat TM and ETM+, imageries of 2000. The glacier outlines was derived semi-automatically using object-based image classification (OBIC ) method separately for clean ice and debris cover and further editing and validation was done carefully by draping over the high resolution images from Google Earth.


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Digital polygon data of Glaciers of Bhutan in 1990. This dataset is created using Landsat MSS, imageries of 1990. The glacier outlines was derived semi-automatically using object-based image classification (OBIC ) method separately for clean ice and debris cover and further editing and validation was done carefully by draping over the high resolution images from Google Earth.


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Digital polygon data of Glaciers of Bhutan in 1980. This dataset is created using Landsat MSS imageries of 1980. The glacier outlines was derived semi-automatically using object-based image classification (OBIC ) method separately for clean ice and debris cover and further editing and validation was done carefully by draping over the high resolution images from Google Earth.


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Digital polygon data of Glaciers of Bhutan in 1980, 1990, 2000 and 2010. This dataset is created using Landsat MSS, TM and ETM+ imageries of respective years. The glacier outlines was derived semi-automatically using object-based image classification (OBIC ) method separately for clean ice and debris cover and further editing and validation was done carefully by draping over the high resolution images from Google Earth.


View Metadata

Digital polygon data of Glaciers of Nepal in 2010. This dataset is created using Landsat TM, ETM+ imageries of 2010. The glacier outlines was derived semi-automatically using object-based image classification (OBIC ) method separately for clean ice and debris cover and further editing and validation was done carefully by draping over the high resolution images from Google Earth.


View Metadata

Digital polygon data of Glaciers of Nepal in 2000. This dataset is created using Landsat MSS, TM imageries of 2000. The glacier outlines was derived semi-automatically using object-based image classification (OBIC ) method separately for clean ice and debris cover and further editing and validation was done carefully by draping over the high resolution images from Google Earth.


View Metadata

Digital polygon data of Glaciers of Nepal in 1990. This dataset is created using Landsat MSS, TM imageries of 1990. The glacier outlines was derived semi-automatically using object-based image classification (OBIC ) method separately for clean ice and debris cover and further editing and validation was done carefully by draping over the high resolution images from Google Earth.


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Science applications

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