Mountain Risk Engineering

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In the Hindu Kush Himalayan region, slope failures, road washouts, damage to irrigation canals, and debris flow on fertile lands have resulted in considerable loss of life and property. There is a need for a comprehensive, multi-disciplinary approach to mountain instabilities and for small, preventive control measures that give priority to appropriate, cheap methods and techniques based on local materials.
The Mountain Risk Engineering (MRE) Programme introduced by ICIMOD was a successful step forward in the process of addressing these problems through the integration of various disciplines. Under this programme, priority was given to on-site, on-the-job training activities targeted at junior in-service officers and professionals, supervisors, farmers, and village labourers. The training was conducted on site in four main phases over 70 days and trainees were exposed to the kind of mountain hazards faced by local communities and of interest to local public authorities. The curriculum included a body of applied knowledge and specific procedures with an overall orientation to sustainable, low-cost, small-scale civil and biological engineering.
The MRE Integrated Training Programme achieved a considerable degree of success. The programme strategy and operational structure were tested and proved to be congruous and effective with the programme’s stated objectives. In particular, decentralisation of most of the activities to National Project Management Units proved effective and established the basis for the sustainability of the activities at the national level. Regional member countries are fully aware of the technology, particularly the bioengineering manuals which are widely used in activities to prevent mudslides along roads. 

There are two handbooks on MRE, prepared by ICIMOD and widely downloaded.
Mountain Risk Engineering (Vol I): http://lib.icimod.org/record/21322 
Mountain Risk Engineering (Vol II): http://lib.icimod.org/record/21344


For further information contact:

ICIMOD

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