Strategic Framework for Resilient Livelihoods in Earthquake-Affected Areas of Nepal


On 25 April, Nepal experienced a catastrophic earthquake that not only took the lives of over 8,000 people, injured over 22,000, and displaced over 100,000, it also affected the livelihoods of over 2.28 million households and pushed an additional 700,000 people below the poverty line.

In light of this, ICIMOD, together with the National Planning Commission of the Government of Nepal, has prepared this report to provide insights into how to restore, revive, and revitalize livelihoods focusing on the various socioeconomic challenges towards a strategic framework for designing and implementing actions, particularly those in the 14 most affected hill and mountain areas. This publication aims to complement the Post Disaster Need Assessment (PDNA) of the Government of Nepal by providing insights into the livelihood dimensions of the earthquake and its socioeconomic and livelihood impacts. It explores the strategic choices and options for developing resilient livelihoods post-earthquake, and details a number of key elements of a strategy for livelihood recovery to inform the Government of Nepal’s post-disaster policies and strategic plan. It provides guidance towards a long-term strategy for the transition from reconstruction and restoration to sustainable livelihoods that are more resilient to future disasters.

It will add value to the existing knowledge base on developing resilient livelihoods post-earthquake, especially in mountain areas. It is envisioned that this report will be beneficial to the Government of Nepal and other development agencies in streamlining development efforts in the process of revitalizing livelihoods and developing resilient communities as the nation rebuilds.

Impacts of the 2015 Nepal Earthquake on Livelihoods: Key Facts

  • The Nepal Earthquake affected the livelihoods of over 2.28 million households and 8 million people in 31 districts, with total damage and loss to livelihoods of NPR 28.4 billion (USD 284 million)
  • The earthquake has pushed an additional 700,000 people below the poverty line
  • Over 5 million workers have been affected, with about 150 million work days lost, 69% of which are in the agriculture sector
  • About 135,200 tonnes of foodstuff, 16,399 large livestock, 36,819 small livestock, and 460,762 poultry animals have been lost
  • More than 3.5 million people are food insecure, and some 180,000 people engaged in tourism are extremely vulnerable
  • The agriculture sector suffered total damage and loss of NPR 25.5 billion (USD 255 million), with maximum losses (86%) in Nepal’s mountains and hills
  • The average value of per capita disaster effect is highest in the mountains (NPR 219,503/USD 2,195) and the lowest in Inner Terai (NPR 50,813/USD 508), with an average of NPR 130,115 (USD 1,301) in the 14 most affected districts
  • The per capita disaster effect is positively correlated with poverty (0.46), indicating that less developed and poor communities, many of which are in mountain areas, endured a larger portion of disaster impacts
  • Poor women and disadvantaged groups suffered more in terms of death, person years of life lost, injury, displacement, and impacts on other livelihood assets

Time Event Remarks
15:30 - 15:35 Inauguration of Programme by lighting of Panas Prof Dr Govind Raj Pokharel, Vice-Chair National Planning Commission (NPC) Government of Nepal and Dr David Molden, Director General ICIMOD
15:35 - 15:40 Welcome remarks Dr David Molden, DG, ICIMOD
15:40 - 16:00 Highlights of the book Dr Bhartendu Mishra, Member, NPC
and Dr Golam Rasul, Theme Leader Livelihoods, ICIMOD
16:00 - 16:05 Feedback from the reviewers Dr Bimala Rai Paudyal, Member, NPC
16:05 - 16:10 Official launching of the book Prof Dr Govind Raj Pokharel, VC, NPC
16:10 - 16:20 Speech by the Chief Guest Prof Dr Govind Raj Pokharel, VC NPC
16:20 - 16:35 Media interactions Media persons
16:35 - 16:40 Launching of Nepal Earthquake 2015: Disaster Recovery and Reconstruction Information Portal Prof Dr Govind Raj Pokharel, VC, NPC
16:40 - 16:50 Highlights on Disaster Recovery and Reconstruction Information Portal Mr Basanta Shrestha, Director of Strategic Cooperation, ICIMOD
16:50 - 16:55 Vote of Thanks Dr Eklabya Shrama, Director Programme Operations, ICIMOD
16:55 - 17:00 Group Picture  
17:00 - 17:30 High-Tea