The Hindu Kush Himalayas are a hot spot of climate change. There is already evidence of major changes affecting mountain areas, with potentially devastating consequences for hundreds of millions of people in the mountains and downstream. Adaptation means reacting effectively to the impacts that are already being experienced, anticipating future impacts, and adjusting to them to reduce the harm for ecosystems and the people who rely on them. 
Adaptation requires the sustainable use of land, water, energy and other resources, which means that it needs to be promoted in multi-pronged ways, from local practices to the policy level to global engagement. Vulnerability to socioeconomic and environmental change is highly contingent upon the social context, including social and power relations, class, gender, and ethnicity, so adaptation strategies must also reflect a nuanced understanding of these dynamics. 
ICIMOD enhances resilience and supports the adaptation of vulnerable communities and ecosystems through initiatives that include livelihood diversification, promotion of adaptive strategies, disaster risk reduction, institutional strengthening, policy dialogue and participatory policy making, enhancement of regional cooperation, and mainstreaming climate adaptation as a component of development policy and practice.



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