Mountain Livelihoods

Mountain people already live in a fragile landscape. Their marginalization makes them even more sensitive to environmental degradation.  Practices in farming and grazing that enabled people to thrive in the past may not continue to be effective as ecosystems degrade, population dynamics shift and a rapidly changing world puts pressure on communities.

Supporting mountain people in adapting to rapid and unpredictable change is an important area of work for ICIMOD. Researching and piloting programs on high value products, innovative livelihood options and rural income generation strategies lie at the heart of efforts to help the people of the Hindu Kush Himalayas cope with the effects of socioeconomic and environmental change.

Reducing poverty and improving the environment must be linked together if the livelihoods of mountain people are to be sustainable for the future.

Relevant Publications

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Datasets

The Poverty and Vulnerability Assessment Tool (PVAT) dataset was developed to capture the micro-level perspective of people's experiences with poverty and vulnerability and to monitor poverty and vulnerability trends on the ground. The assessment was based on a standardized questionnaire that has been developed to assess, describe, and analyse the situation of poor and vulnerable people in the Nepal. This will lead to an enhanced understanding of multiple aspects of livelihood assets, structures, and the processes that underpin such assets. It will also help determine levels of access, terms of exchange, and returns from livelihood assets as well as livelihood strategies and their outcomes for the poor. PVAT was conducted twice in 2011 and 2012. Sankhuwashava,Terthum, Saptari, Gorkha, Jajarkot, Kailali, Bajhang and Sindhupalchok in 2011. Taplejung, Bhojpur, Solukhumbu, Sindhuli, Rukum, Dailekh, Mugu and Darchula in 2012.


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A comparison between male and female population residing in the Koshi Basin Districts in various parameters revealing the trends in marriage, population, life expectancy, migration, ethnicity and other parameters.


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A comparison between male and female population residing in the Koshi Basin Districts in various parameters shows more male population who have higher literacy rate, higher rate of land and house ownership, involved in higher income generating jobs as well as 76% of men are also head of household compared to female despite the fact that there are equal population women and men.


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The QuickBird image showing Jumla, Nepal was acquired on 28 September 2010.


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The IKONOS image showing Jumla, Nepal was acquired on 24 October 2011.


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The QuickBird image showing Jumla, Nepal was acquired on 18 November 2006.


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Poverty and Vulnerability Assessment (PVA) is a district level household survey to understand vulnerability of households to environmental and socioeconomic changes with focus on mountain specificity as well as their coping strategies and adaptive capacity. Under the Adaptation to Change program, the Himalaya Climate Change Adaptation Programme (HICAP) initiative have conducted the survey among 1987 households across 5 prefectures in Yunnan provinces in the Upper Brahmaputra sub-basin in China. The households were selected following a probability based multi-stage cluster sampling approach.


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Poverty and Vulnerability Assessment (PVA) is a district level household survey to understand vulnerability of households to environmental and socioeconomic changes with focus on mountain specificity as well as their coping strategies and adaptive capacity. Under the Adaptation to Change program, the Himalaya Climate Change Adaptation Programme (HICAP) initiative have conducted the survey among 2647 households across 7 districts in states of Assam and Arunanchal Pradesh in the Eastern Brahmaputra sub-basin in India. The households were selected following a probability based multi-stage cluster sampling approach.


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The Poverty and Vulnerability Assessment (PVA) dataset was developed to capture the micro-level perspective of people's experiences with poverty and vulnerability and to monitor poverty and vulnerability trends on the ground. The assessment was based on a standardized questionnaire that has been developed to assess, describe, and analyse the situation of poor and vulnerable people in the HKH region. This will lead to an enhanced understanding of multiple aspects of livelihood assets, structures, and the processes that underpin such assets. It will also help determine levels of access, terms of exchange, and returns from livelihood assets as well as livelihood strategies and their outcomes for the poor.


View Metadata

Poverty and Vulnerability Assessment (PVA) is a district level household survey to understand vulnerability of households to environmental and socioeconomic changes with focus on mountain specificity as well as their coping strategies and adaptive capacity. Under the Adaptation to Change program, the Himalaya Climate Change Adaptation Programme (HICAP) initiative have conducted the survey among 1139 households across 3 Union Councils in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa and Gilgit-Baltistan provinces in the Upper Indus sub-basin in Pakistan. The households were selected following a probability based multi-stage cluster sampling approach.


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