The beekeeping activities described in ‘Income Generation’ also serve biodiversity conservation by means of pollination through the indigenous honeybee species Apis cerana. There are six indigenous species of honeybee in the HKH region, but Apis cerana is the only one that can be kept in hives and managed directly. ICIMOD’s bee project is also investigating ways of maintaining and increasing the numbers of the other wild honeybee species. Conservation of indigenous bees also supports conservation of indigenous flora, which in turn supports conservation of indigenous fauna. Some indigenous plants are not pollinated by the exotic Apis mellifera bees.