Workshop on Brick Kilns Policy and Advocacy Network

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Brick production is an important area where the emission of black carbon and other short-lived climate pollutants (SLCPs) can be substantially reduced. Studies show that using more efficient technologies, mainly during the firing of bricks, can reduce pollutant emissions by 10–50%, depending on the process, scale and fuel used. The Brick Production Initiative (BPI) of the Climate and Clean Air Coalition (CCAC) aims to catalyse political engagement by placing the goal of reducing SLCPs from inefficient brick production on the national agenda. 

The International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD), in collaboration with the CCAC’s Brick Production Initiative, is organizing a Policy and Advocacy Network (PAN) workshop aimed at reducing short-lived climate pollutants.

To improve regional brick kiln policy by taking into account the economic, technological, environmental, and social context of each country, a Brick Kilns Policy Advocacy Network has been launched both at the global level as well as the regional level through two networks in South Asia and Latin America.

The PAN Asia is being implemented by ICIMOD, and will be a key CCAC component for supporting countries – Bangladesh, Nepal, India and Pakistan – in developing comprehensive national strategies for cleaner brick production through regional consultation with stakeholders and technical experts from Bangladesh, China, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Vietnam, and Nepal. The consultation process will identify available and suitable regulatory frameworks to help devise effective policies and/or policy implementation approaches for transforming the Asian brick-making sector.

PAN Asia will support national stakeholders to develop national strategy and policy frameworks for each of the countries, taking into account their unique social, political, market, and resource conditions.

Objectives 

The objective of the Policy and Advocacy Network (PAN) is to provide decision makers, national governments, and sub-national entities with tools, information, and programmatic support to develop comprehensive policy frameworks to improve brick kiln conditions and operations. Further, it will identify the technologies that have been applied in the brick kilns sector and analyse policy gaps in each country being represented, including Nepal, Bangladesh, China, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and Vietnam. Exchange best practices in terms of effective policies and implementation of efficient energy in the brick sector across the target regions of the BPI (Asia, Latin America and Africa) 

Target participants 

Brick experts, government officials, representatives of international organizations, and brick kiln owners will participate in the conference. 

Background 

The brick kiln initiative of CCAC aims to achieve significant reductions of black carbon and other emissions from brick kilns, which are responsible for substantial air pollution in many cities of the world. Employing a range of technology and policy approaches, the initiative will work both with governments and brick kilns owners to promote emissions abatement and to prevent new emissions. In doing so, climate impacts will be reduced, local air quality will be improved, and other health, social, and environmental co-benefits will be achieved.

This initiative will entail a set of activities: 

  1. Development and establishment of global expert groups to consolidate the state of knowledge on science, technology, and policy
  2. Training to build capacity of key actors for technology adoption 
  3. Support to governments in developing and implementing comprehensive policies to modernize the sector; and 
  4. Information development and dissemination 

Objectives

The overall objective is to improve local and regional air quality standards, help ensure economic benefits for communities, and help reduce adverse impacts on health by improving regional and international coordination and information sharing.

The initiative specifically aims to:

  • Increase global awareness about opportunities to improve local and regional policies to reduce SLCPs from brick production; 
  • Address public health and environmental issues associated with inefficient brick production; and
  • Make indirect impacts toward increasing gender equity and reducing child labour in the sector.

Pilot projects to demonstrate best practices in brick production will help disseminate improved processes for making and firing bricks and providing opportunities for synergy with ongoing efforts to reduce SLCPs at the national and regional levels.

A combined workshop of the global and Asian PAN has been planned for 18–20 February 2015 in Kathmandu. The main objectives of this workshop are to:

  • Identify main development concerns posed by brick production;
  • Articulate a common vision for the brick sector;
  • Develop an understanding of policy approaches/ specific policies adopted by various countries; and
  • Prioritize regional actions and prepare an action plan to be undertaken by the PAN.